Consciousness Based Education
Books by Piero Scaruffi:
The Nature of Consciousness
Demystifying Machine Intelligence
Poems and Meditations
(If you go to Amazon from here, you help support this website).
Thymos: Studies on Consciousness, Cognition and Life
A History of Knowledge
A Timeline of Neuroscience
A Timeline of Artificial Intelligence
A Timeline of Computing
The Nature of Consciousness - The Structure of Life and the Meaning of Matter. New book available in winter 2006.
Annotated Bibliography on the Mind
(with links to publishers, libraries, bibliographies, etc.)
(TM, ®, Copyright © 1998 Piero Scaruffi All rights reserved.)
News from the scientific world
My opinion pieces
LASERs - Art/Science Evenings in San Francisco
(TM, ®, Copyright © 2006 Piero Scaruffi All rights reserved.)
Seminar on The Nature of Mind
(TM, ®, Copyright © 1998 Piero Scaruffi All rights reserved.)
Seminar on History of Knowledge
(TM, ®, Copyright © 2002 Piero Scaruffi All rights reserved.)
The Interdisciplinary Cultural Events that i organize in the Bay Area (Stanford and USF)
Stanford Multidisciplinary Multimedia Meetings of Arts Sciences and Humanities (SMMMASH)
Register to my mailing list. Every two months or so, I send out news and updates on cognitive science and the likes, reviews of books, announcement of conferences, and the status of my book.
Statement of work (2007)
A simple theory of consciousness
On the relationship between Quantum Theory and Relativity Theory
Statement of work (2005)
Statement of work (2000)
Research statement (1995)
"The Road to Reality"
"The Transactional Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics"
"The Philosophical Baby"
"How to Create a Mind"
|Conferences | Publishers | Webliography on the Mind | U.S.A. Libraries|
Personal Research Statement:
Education/Other Relevant Experience:
Butera, Scaruffi: "Computer-aided tuning in an expert system for software configuration" (Vienna, Third SPIE Symposium, 1986)
Logiudice, Scaruffi: "Knowledge Modules: a structure for representing the granularity of real-world knowledge" (Montreal, Sixth Canadian Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 1986)
Donalisio, Petrone, Scaruffi: "A framework to build expert systems for decision support" (Boston, Second Conference on Applications of A.I., 1987)
Scaruffi: "Expert Systems for Management" (Osaka, Japanese Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 1987)
Butera, Iacono, Scaruffi: "A model-based heuristic approach to board troubleshooting" (Detroit, Expert Systems in Manufacturing, 1988)
Scaruffi, Steccanella, Barbetti: (Madrid, Knowledge Engineering Workshop, 1988) "A model of knowledge communication for building intelligent tutoring systems"
Ronchi, Butera, Frascari, Scaruffi: "A dual-blackboard architecture for tele-diagnosis" (Artificial Intelligence in Design and Manufacturing [vol.1/2, Academic Press], 1988)
Scaruffi: "The new wave of personal distributed intelligence" (ACM Computational Intelligence, 1988)
Scaruffi, Barbetti: "A domain-independent framework for tutoring systems" (ACM/AIE IEA, 1989)
Chiantore, Perotto, Resta, Scaruffi "An expert system for product configuration" (World Congress on Expert Systems, 1991)
Qian, Russi, Scaruffi: "Generation of production rules from neural networks" (Intl Symposium on Methodologies for Intelligent Systems, 1991)
Scaruffi: "Towards unification of cognitive and physical sciences: cognition as a property of matter" (Cognitive Society Conference:, 1996)
Scaruffi: "The Factory of Illusions: artificial and natural creativity" (Berliner Festspiele 2000, 1999)
Scaruffi: Consciousness as multi-track evolution (Conference on Consciousness, 2001)
Scaruffi: A reductionist explanation of the self (Conference on Consciousness, 2001)
Scaruffi: The experimental study of consciousness (Conference on Consciousness, 2001)
Scaruffi: Hostility and Identity (Mutamorphosis, 2007)
October 1999: U.C. Berkeley, Extensions, USA
September 1998: U.C. Berkeley, Extensions, USA
April 1998: California Institute for Integral Studies, USA
April 1997: U.C. Berkeley, Extensions, USA
October 1990: Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Department of Systems, Colombia
May 1989: University of Cagliari, Department of Philosophy, Italy
August 1988: Monterey Institute for International Studies, USA
May 1987: University of Bari, Department of Mathematics, Italy
1982) Turin: "A keyed file system for optimized relational access"
1982) Turin: "A syntax-driven editor for a data management system"
1984) Turin: "A semantic network based architecture for document retrieval"
1985) Pisa: "Partitioning a knowledge base into knowledge modules"
1985) Pisa: "An expert system for quality assurance"
1986) Pisa: "An integrated parser for text understanding"
1987) Pisa: "An expert system for board troubleshooting"
1987) Pisa: "A dual-frame architecture for text understanding"
1987) Pisa: "A framework for building intelligent decision support systems"
1988-90) etc etc
Greek thought evolved an intriguing division of mental life into two souls,
the Thymos (pron: "theemos") and the Psyche.
In ancient Greece the Thymos became the active, rational and mortal part of the person (the part that has control over the body), while the Psyche became the quiescent and immortal part of the person.
The Thymos became a core concept of Socrates' philosophy. In Socrates' theology the doctrine of Thymos is a meditation on the history of philosophy from Homer to Socrates himself, by which Socrates hails the passage from unconscious philosophizing to rational self-consciousness. Interestingly, Socrates warned against the dangers of self-awareness. He warned that consciousness would cost us greatly, both in terms of desire to live and in terms of our harmony with nature. In Plato's late dialogues this contradiction has a happy ending, as Socrates finds in conscious thought the meaning of life itself.
Platonic philosophy elevated the Thymos above the Psyche. The Psyche is viewed as a sort of lower mind that can connect with either a higher mind (nous), that a Christian may perhaps interpret as God, or with the Thymos, that a Christian cannot interpret because it has no correspondent. Thymos is the cause of anger and passion. In a sense, it is opposite of meditation.