A Brief History of Turkish and Turkic Literature

by Piero Scaruffi (E-mail)
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TM, ®, Copyright © 2005 Piero Scaruffi All rights reserved.

"Orhun/ Orkhon monumental inscription for Tonyukuk (720)
"Orhun/ Orkhon monumental inscription for Kultigin" (732)
"Orhun/ Orkhon monumental inscription for Bilge Kagan" (735)
"Kitab-i Dede Qorqud/ Book of Dede Korkut" (9##) [p] +
"Koroglu Destani/ Epic of Korog" (10##) [p]
Yusuf Has Hajib (10##): "Kutadgu Bilig/ Wisdom of Royal Glory" (10##) [p] +
"Battal-name" (11##) [p]
Adib Ahmad Yugnakiy (11##): "Hibatu-l-Hakoyik/ Atabatu L-haqaiq" (12##) [p]
Khoja Ahmad Yasavi (1166): "Divan-i Hikmat" (12##) [p]
"Danismend-name" (120#) [p]
"The Secret History of the Mongols" (1241) [h]
Yunus Emre (1238): "Sufi poems" (1320) [p] +
Ahmet Gulshehri (12##): "Poems" (13##) [p]
Ahmet Gazi (12##): "Danishmentname" (13##) [p]
Asik Pasha (1271): "Garib-name/ Book of Sky" (1329) [p]
"Mu'inu 'I-murid" (1313) [p]
Khvarizmi (13##): "Muhabbat Nama" (1353) [p]
"Legend of Oghuz Qaghan" (13##)
Suleyman Celebi (13##): "Vesiletun-Necat/ Mevlid/ The Means of Salvation" (14##) [p]
Tajuddin Ibrahim Ahmedi (1334): "Iskender-name/ Alexander Narrative" (1390) [p]
Hoca Dehhani (13##): "Poems" [p]
Azerbaijani Nesimi (13##): "Poems" (1417) [p]
Ahmed-i Dai (13##): "Ceng-name/ Book of the Harp" (1421) [p]
Sheykhi (13##): "Loves of Shireen" (1426) [p]
Qanuinname Lutfi (1366): "Poems" (1463) [p]
Kaygusuz Abdal (1397): "Poems" (1444) [p]
"Nasreddin Tales" (14##)
Bursah Ahmet Pasha (14##): "Poems" (14##) [p]
Jahanshah Qaraqoyunlu Haqiqi (14##): "Poems" (1467) [p]
Alisher Navoiy/ Ali Sir Nevai/ Navai (1441): "Divan" (1501) [p]
Alisher Navoiy/ Ali Sir Nevai/ Navai (1441): "Hamsa" (1501) [p] +
Alisher Navoiy/ Ali Sir Nevai/ Navai (1441): "Majalis al-Nafais/ Assemblies of Distinguished Men" (14##) [h]
Alisher Navoiy/ Ali Sir Nevai/ Navai (1441): "Muhakamat al-Lughatayn/ Judgment between the Two Languages" (1499) [h]
Mihri Hatun/ Khatun (14##): "Poems" (1506) [p]
Isa Necati/ Nejati (14##): "Poems" (1509) [p]
Mesihi (14##): "Poems" (1512) [p]
Kemalpashazade (14##): "Tevarikh-i Al-i 'Othman/ Chronicle of the House of Osman" (15##) [h]
Zati (1471): "Poems" (1546) [p]
Pir Sultan Abdal (1480): "Poems" (1550) [p]
Mehmet Ibn Suleyman Fuzuli (1480): "Poems" (1550) [p]
Babur (1483): "Baburnama" (1530) [h]
Muhammad bin Suleyman Fuzuli (1483): "Divan" (1556) [p]
Muhammad bin Suleyman Fuzuli (1483): "Dastani Leyli vu Mecnun/ The Epic of Layla and Majnun" (1535) [p] +
Ismail Abu'l-Mozaffar Safawi Khatai (1487): "Azeri Divan" (1524) [p]
Mahmud Abdulbaki Baki/ Baqi (1526): "Poems" (1600) [p]
Mahmud Abdulbaki Baki/ Baqi (1526): "Mersiyei Hazreti Suleyman Han/ Elegy for His Excellency Suleyman Khan"" (15##) [p] +
Zekeriyya Efendi (15##): "Kaside Poems" (1593) [p]
Yahya Efendi (1552): "Poems" (1644) [p]
Nefi (1582): "Kaside Poems" (1635) [p]
Karacaoglan (1606): "Poems" (1689) [p]
Dervis Mehmed Zlli/ Evliya Celebi (1611): "Seyahatname/ Book of Travels" (16##) [h]
Yirmisekiz Mehmed Celebi (16##): "Paris Sefaretnamesi" (1720) [h]
Abulgazi Bahadur Khan (16##): "Shajara-yi Tarakima/ Geneological History of the Tatars" (16##) [h]
Yusuf Nabi (1642): "Poems" (1712) [p]
Yusuf Nabi (1642): "Khayriye" (1692) [p] +
Ahmed Nedim (1681): "Poems" (1730) [p]
Ahmed Nedim (1681): "Sarki/ Songs" (17##) [p] +
Nevizade Atai (1683): "Divan" (1734) [p]
Koca Mehmet Ragip Pasha (1699): "Divan" (1763) [p]
Seyh Galib Dede (1757): "Poems" (1799) [p]
Seyh Galib Dede (1757): "Husn-u Iscq/ Beauty and Love" (1782) [p] +
Fazil Bey (175#): "Divan" (1810) [p]
Dadaloglu (1785): "Poems" (1868) [p]
Erzurumlu Emrah (18##): "Poems" (1854) [p]
Osep Vartanian (1813): "Akabi Hikayesi/ Akabi's Story" (1851)
Ibrahim Sinasi/ Shinasi (1826): "Poems" (1871) [p]
Ibrahim Sinasi/ Shinasi (1826): "Sair Evlenmesi/ The Poet's Marriage" (1860) [t]
Ziya Pasha (1829): "Poems" (1880) [p]
Namik/ Namiq Kemal (1840): "Poems" (1888) [p]
Namik/ Namiq Kemal (1840): "Intibah/ Awakening" (1876) +
Ahmed Midhat (1844): "Hasan Mellah Yahud Sirr Icinde Esrar/ Hasan the Sailor or The Mystery Within the Mystery" (1873)
Ahmed Midhat (1844): "Felatun Bey ile Rakim Efendi" (1876)
Ahmed Midhat (1844): "Henuz On Yedi Yasinda/ Just Seventeen Years Old" (1881)
Ahmed Midhat (1844): "Musahedat/ Observations" (1891) +
Recaizade Mahmut Ekrem (1847): "Araba Sevdas/ Automobile Love" (1898)
Semsettin Sami (1850): "Taasuku Talat ve Fitnat/ Talat and Fitnat In Love" (1872)
Abdulhak Hamit/ Hamid Tarhan (1851): "Esber" (1880) [t]
Abdulhak Hamit/ Hamid Tarhan (1851): "Tayflar Gecidi/ Parade of Ghosts" (1915) [t] +
Abdulhak Hamit/ Hamid Tarhan (1851): "Ruhlar/ Ghosts" (1922) [t]
Abdulhak Hamit/ Hamid Tarhan (1851): "Sahra/ Countryside" (1876) [p]
Abdulhak Hamit/ Hamid Tarhan (1851): "Maqber" (188#) [p] +
Sami Pasazade Sezai (1860): "Kucuk Seyler/ Little Things" (1891)
Nabizade Nazim (1862): "Zehra" (1896)
Ahmet Rasim Pasha (1863): "Asker Oglu/ Son of a Soldier" (1897)
Huseyin Rahmi Gurpinar (1864): "Gulyabani/ The Ogre" (1913)
Khalid/ Halid/ Halit Ziya Usakligil (1866): "Aski Memnu/ Forbidden Love" (1895)
Tevfik Fikret (1867): "Poems" (1915) [p]
Mehmet Emin Yurdakul (1869): "Poems" (1944) [p]
Cenab Sehabeddin/ Cenap Sahabettin (1870): "Poems" (1934) [p]
Suleyman Nazif (1870): "Poems" (1927) [p]
Ahmet Hikmet Muftuoglu (1870): "Gonul Hanim" (1920)
Mehmet Akif Ersoy (1873): "Poems" (1936) [p]
Huseyin Cahit Yalcin (1874): "Hayal Icinde/ In a Dream" (1901)
Mehmed Rauf (1875): "Eylul/ September" (1901)
Halide Edip Adivar (1883): "Handan" (1912)
Halide Edip Adivar (1883): "Atesten Gomlek/ The Daughter of Smyrna/ The Shirt of Flame" (1922)
Omer Seyfettin (1884): "Efruz Bey" (1919)
Halide Edib (1884): "Sinekli Bakkal/ The Clown and His Daughter" (1936)
Mehmet Agah/ Yahya Kemal Beyatli (1885): "Poems" (1958) [p] +
Ahmet Hasim (1885): "Gol Saatleri/ Hours of the Lake" (1921) [p]
Ahmet Hasim (1885): "Piyale/ Goblet" (1926) [p] +
Aka Gunduz (1886): "Bir Soforun Gizli Defteri/ The Secret Notebook of a Driver" (1928)
Ali Canip Yontem (1887): "Poems" (1967) [p]
Refik Halit Karay (1888): "Yatik Emine" (1919)
Yakup/Yaqub Kadri/Qadri Karaosmanoglu (1888): "Yaban/ Stranger" (1932) +
Yakup/Yaqub Kadri/Qadri Karaosmanoglu (1889): "Nur Baba" (1922)
Resat Nuri Guntekin (1889): "Calikusu" (1922)
Orhan Seyfi Orhon (1890): "Peri Kizi ile Coban Hikayesi/ Story of Fairy Girl and Shepherd" (1919) [p]
Enis Behic Koryurek (1892): "Varidati Suleyman/ Virtues of Suleyman" (1949) [p]
Asik Veysel Satiroglu (1894): "Poems" (1973) [p]
Yusuf Ziya Ortac (1895): "Poems" (1967) [p]
Yusuf Ziya Ortac (1895): "Binnaz" (1918) [t]
Sukufe Nihal Basar (1896): "Domanic Daglarinin Yolcusu" (1946)
Faruk Nafiz Camlibel (1898): "Coban Cesmesi/ The Shepherd Fountain" (1919) [p]
Peyami Safa (1899): "Dokuzuncu Hariciye Kogusu" (1931)
Kemalettin Kamu (1901): "Poems" (1948) [p] (1961)
Ahmet Hamdi Tanpinar (1901): "Huzur/ Tranquillity" (1949)
Ahmet Hamdi Tanpinar (1901): "Saatleri Ayarlama Enstitusu/ The Time Regulation Institute" (1961) +
Ahmet Kutsi Tecer (1901): "Poems" (1967) [p]
Halide Nusret Zorlutuna (1901): "Yayla Turkusu/ Song of the Plateau" (1943) [p]
Nazm Hikmet (1902): "Shaykh Bedreddin" (1936) [p] +
Nazm Hikmet (1902): "Simavne Kads Oglu Seyh Bedreddin Destan/ The Epic of Shaykh Bedreddin Son of Judge Simavne" (1936) [p]
Nazm Hikmet (1902): "Memleketimden Insan Manzaralar/ Human Landscapes from My Country" (1939) [p]
Arif Nihat Asya (1904): "Rubaiyyat-i Arif" (1956) [p]
Necip Fazil Kisakurek (1905): "Poems" (1983) [p]
Necip Fazil Kisakurek (1905): "Sabir Tasi" (1940) [t]
Sait Faik Abasyank (1906): "Short Stories" (1954)
Sabahattin Ali (1907): "Kuyucakli Yusuf" (1937)
Asaf Halet Celebi (1907): "He/ Yes" (1942) [p]
Ahmet Muhip Dranas/ Diranas (1909): "Poems" (1980) [p]
Cahit Sitki Taranci (1910): "Otuz Bes Yas/ Age Thirty-Five" (1946) [p]
Ismail Kemalettin Demir/ Kemal Tahir (1910): "Gol Insanlari/ The People of the Lake" (1955)
Ismail Kemalettin Demir/ Kemal Tahir (1910): "Yorgun Savasci/ Tired Warrior" (1965)
Ismail Kemalettin Demir/ Kemal Tahir (1910): "Devlet Ana/ Mother State" (1967) +
Behcet Kemal Caglar (1913): "Poems" (1969) [p]
Mehmet Rasit Ogutcu/ Orhan Kemal (1914): "Avare Yillar/ Idle Years" (1950)
Fazil Husnu Daglarca (1914): "Cocuk ve Allah/ The Child and the God" (1940) [p]
Orhan Veli Kanik (1914): "Garip" (1941) [p] +
Oktay Rifat (1914): "Garip" (1941) [p]
Melih Cevdet Anday (1915): "Garip" (1941) [p]
Mehmet Nusret/ Aziz Nesin (1916): "Zubuk" (1961)
Behcet Necatigil (1916): "Poems" (1979) [p]
Haldun Taner (1916): "Kesanli Ali Destani/ The Ballad of Ali from Keshan" (1964) [t] +
Haldun Taner (1916): "Sersem Kocann Kurnaz Karisi" (1972) [t]
Ilhan Berk (1918): "Kul/ Ashes" (1978) [p]
Ilhan Berk (1918): "Kitaplar Kitab/ The Book of Books" (1981) [p]
Tarik Bugra (1918): "Kucuk Aga/ Little Lord" (1966) +
Tarik Bugra (1918): "Ibisin Ruyasi/ The Dream of Ibis" (1970) +
Tarik Bugra (1918): "Firavun Imani/ Pharaoh's Faith" (1976)
Tarik Bugra (1918): "Gencligim Eyvah/ Oh My Youth" (1979)
Tarik Bugra (1918): "Yalnizlar/ Lonely People" (1981)
Tarik Bugra (1918): "Yagmur Beklerken/ While Waiting for the Rain" (1982)
Tarik Bugra (1918): "Osmancik/ Little Osman" (1983)
Tarik Bugra (1918): "Akumulatorlu Radyo/ Battery Operated Radio" (1981) [t]
Necati Cumali (1921): "Poems" (2001) [p]
Necati Cumali (1921): "Susuz Yaz/ Dry Summer" (1962)
Yashar Kemal (1923): "Ince Memed/ Memed My Hawk" (1955) +
Yashar Kemal (1923): "Ortadirek/ The Wind from the Plain" (1963)
Yashar Kemal (1923): "Algozum Seyreyle Salih/ The Saga of a Seagull" (1976)
Ozdemir Asaf (1923): "Dunya Kacti Gozume/ The World Caught My Eye" (1955) [p]
Attila Ilhan (1925): "Yagmur Kacagi/ Fugitive from the Rain" (1955) [p]
Attila Ilhan (1925): "Bela Cicegi/ Flower of Misery" (1961) [p]
Attila Ilhan (1925): "Tutuklunun Gunlugu/ Diary of a Man Under Arrest" (1974) [p] +
Attila Ilhan (1925): "Sokaktaki Adam/ Man in the Streets" (1953)
Attila Ilhan (1925): "Sirtlan Payi/ Hyena's Share" (1975) +
Umit Yasar Oguzcan (1926): "A World for Two" (1957) [p]
Can Yucel (1926): "Poems" (1999) [p]
Umit Yasar Oguzcan (1926): "Rubailer" (1972) [p]
Can Yucel (1926): "Rengahenk/ Col'armony" (1991) [p]
Ahmed Arif (1927): "Hasretinden Prangalar Eskittim/ Fetters Worn Out by Longing" (1968) [p]
Turgut Uyar (1927): "Tutunler Islak/ The Tobacco Is Wet" (1962) [p]
Turgut Uyar (1927): "Kayayi Delen Incir/ The Fig That Split the Rock" (1981) [p]
Edip Cansever (1928): "Yercekimli Karanfil/ Gravitational Carnation" (1957) [p]
Edip Cansever (1928): "Poems" (1986) [p]
Adalet Agaoglu (1929): "Dar Zamanlar/ Tight Times" ("Olmeye Yatmak/ Lying to Die", 1973) +
Adalet Agaoglu (1929): "Bir Dugun Gecesi/ A Wedding Night" (1979) +
Adalet Agaoglu (1929): "Hayr/ No" (1987) +
Adalet Agaoglu (1929): "Fikrimin Ince Gulu/ Delicate Rose of My Mind" (1976)
Adalet Agaoglu (1929): "Cok Uzak Fazla Yakin/ Very Far Too Near" (1991) [t]
Bilge Karasu (1930): "Gece/ Night" (1985)
Bahaettin Karakoc (1930): "Kar Sesi/ Sound of Snow" (1982) [p]
Bahaettin Karakoc (1930): "Bir Cift Beyaz Kartal/ A Pair of White Eagles" (1986) [p]
Ece Ayhan Caglar (1931): "Kinar Hanimin Denizleri/ Miss Kinar's Waters" (1959) [p]
Ece Ayhan Caglar (1931): "Bakissiz Bir Kedi Kara/ A Blind Cat Black" (1965) [p]
Ece Ayhan Caglar (1931): "Ortodokslular/ Orthodoxies" (1968) [p] +
Cemal Sureya (1931): "Gocebe/ Nomad" (1965) [p]
Cemal Sreya (1931): "Poems" (1990) [p]
Tarik Dursun Kakinc (1931): "Denizin Kani" (1968)
Tarik Dursun Kakinc (1931): "Kursun Ata Ata Biter/ Shooting Uses Up Bullets" (1983) +
Tarik Dursun Kakinc (1931): "Agaclar Gibi Ayakta/ Standing Like the Trees" (1990)
Mustafa Necati Sepetcioglu (1932): "Benim Adim Yunus Emre/ My Name is Yunus Emre" (1994)
Mustafa Necati Sepetcioglu (1932): "Daradacy/ The Gallows" (1979) +
Mustafa Necati Sepetcioglu (1932): "Gece Vaktinde Gun Donumu/ Solstice at Night Time" (1980)
Mustafa Necati Sepetcioglu (1932): "Karanlikta Mum Isigi/ Candle Light in the Dark" (1980)
Mustafa Necati Sepetcioglu (1932): "Ve Canakkale" (1989) +
Mustafa Necati Sepetcioglu (1932): "Buyuk Otmarlar/ The Great Otmars" (1967) [t]
Mustafa Necati Sepetcioglu (1932): "Cardakli Bakici/ Caretaker from the Arbor" (1969) [t]
Abdurrahim Karakoc (1932): "Hasan'a Mektuplar/ Letters for Hasan" (1965) [p]
Sezai Karakoc (1933): "Sesler/ The Voices" (1968) [p]
Gulten Akin (1933): "Kara Saclarimi/ I Cut My Dark Hair" (1960) [p]
Gulten Akin (1933): "Kirmizi Karanfil/ Red Carnation" (1971) [p]
Gulten Akin (1933): "Maras'in ve Okkes'in Destani/ Epic of Maras and Okkes" (1972) [p]
Gulten Akin (1933): "Ilahiler/ Hymns" (1983) [p] +
Oguz Atay (1934): "Tutunamayanlar/ Losers" (1972) +
Oguz Atay (1934): "Tehlikeli Oyunlar/ Dangerous Games" (1973)
Onat Kutlar (1936): "Ishak/ Isaac" (1959)
Sevgi Soysal (1936): "Yenisehirde Bir Ogle Vakti/ Noon-Time in Yenisehir" (1974)
Ozdemir Ince (1936): "Kiraz Zamani/ Cherry-Time" (1969) [p]
Hilmi Yavuz (1936): "Dogu Siirleri/ Poems of the East" (1978) [p]
Hilmi Yavuz (1936) "Zamanin Siirleri/ Temporal Poems" (1987) [p]
Nihat Ziyalan (1936): "Guvercin Ucusu/ Pigeon's Flight" (1980) [p]
Ulku Tamer (1937): "Icime Cektigim Hava Degil Gokyuzudur/ It's Not the Air That I Breathe It's the Sky" (1966) [p]
Asik Mahzuni Serif (1938): "Poems" (2002) [p]
Turkan Ildeniz (1938): "New York'un Arabi/ Nigger of New York" (1998) [p]
Tomris Uyar (1941): "Poems" (2003) [p]
Ataol Behramoglu (1942): Yolculuk, Ozlem, Cesaret ve Kavga Siirleri/ Poems of Travel, Longing, Courage and Strife" (1974) [p]
Neset Ertas (1943): "Poems" (20$#) [p]
Ismet Ozel (1944): "Cinayetler Kitab" (1975) [p]
Ozkan Mert (1944): "Iste Hayat Iste Olum ve Tarih/ Here's Life Here Are Death and History" 1984) [p]
Selim Ileri (1949): "Solmaz Hanim Kimsesiz Okurlar Icin" (1999) +
Selim Ileri (1949): "Cemil Sevket Bey Aynali Dolaba Iki El Rovelver/ the Mirrored Cupboard and Two Hand Guns" (1997)
Orhan Pamuk (1952): "Cevdet Bey ve Ogullari/ Cevdet Bey and His Sons" (1979)
Orhan Pamuk (1952): "Sessiz Ev/ Silent House" (1983) +
Orhan Pamuk (1952): "Beyaz Kale/ White Castle" (1985)
Orhan Pamuk (1952): "Kara Kitap/ Black Book" (1990) +
Orhan Pamuk (1952): "Yeni Hayat/ New Life" (1995)
Orhan Pamuk (1952): "Benim Adim Kirmizi/ My Name is Red" (1998)
Orhan Pamuk (1952): "Kar/ Snow" (2002)
Ayten Mutlu (1952): "Cocuk ve Aksam/ Child And Evening" (1999) [p]
Ayten Mutlu (1952): "Yitik Anlam Pesinde/ In Search of Lost Meaning" (2004) [p]
Metin Cengiz (1953): "Sarkilar Kitabi/ Book of Songs" (1996) [P]
Cuneyt Ayral (1954): "Lodos Leandros Lakhesis" (1992) [p]
Latife Tekin (1957): "Sevgili Arsiz Olum/ Dear Shameless Death" (1983) +
Latife Tekin (1957): "Berci Kristin Cop Masallari/ Tales from the Garbage Hills" (1984)
Akgun Akova (1962): "Ask ve Kuyrukluyildiz/ Love and the Comet" (1997) [p]
Elif Shafak (1971): "Pinhan/ The Sufi" (1998)
Elif Shafak (1971): "Sehrin Aynalan/ Mirrors of the City" (2000) +
TM, ®, Copyright © 2006 Piero Scaruffi All rights reserved.


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