Chicago-born drummer Jack DeJohnette (1942) briefly flirted with the AACM avantgarde but moved to New York and cut his teeth in Charles Lloyd's quartet (1966-67). After replacing Tony Williams in Miles Davis' group (1968-70), DeJohnette debuted his own music on the rather conventional The DeJohnette Complex (december 1968), with
tenor saxophonist Bennie Maupin,
pianist Stanley Cowell,
bassist Miroslav Vitous or Eddie Gomez,
and drummer Roy Haynes
(Jack DeJohnette played melodica in Papa-Daddy and Me).
His more experimental side came out with the two lengthy trio improvisations
(Maupin on tenor saxophone and Gary Peacock on bass)
of Have You Heard (april 1970),
a 20-minute version of Papa-Daddy and Me and the 21-minute Have You Heard.
His first group was a trio with a bassist and a drummer, documented on Compost (1971), on which he also played electric clavinet, organ and vibraphone.
Sorcery (may 1974) collected two sessions, one (march) with Bennie Maupin on bass clarinet and John Abercrombie and Mick Goodrick on guitars (the 14-minute Sorcery #1) and one (may) with Dave Holland on bass (the seven-movement The Reverend King Suite).
DeJohnette also played in Abercrombie's Gateway, a trio with bassist Dave Holland that released Gateway (march 1975) and Gateway 2 (july 1977).
Pictures (february 1976), a duo album with Abercrombie, contained his extended percussion solo Picture 2 and his extended piano solo Picture 6.
His experiments deconstructing the cliches of jazz-rock continued with the
quartet Directions (saxophones, Abercrombie's guitar, bass and drums) and its
cerebral extended pieces:
the 14-minute Flying Spirits, on Untitled (february 1976), also featuring a pianist,
Minya's the Moon and New Rags on New Rags (may 1977), with DeJohnette doubling on piano,
Bayou Fever and Where or Wayne on New Directions (june 1978), that introduced a new line-up (Abercrombie, Chicago trumpeter Lester Bowie and bassist Eddie Gomez).
Gary Peacock, Jack De Johnette and Keith Jarrett collaborated on Peacock's Tales Of Another (february 1977), containing the three-part suite Trilogy.
A new quartet with
David Murray on tenor and bass clarinet, Arthur Blythe on alto,
Peter Warren on bass and cello, that ranked as one of the most innovative
fusion groups of the era, debuted on
Special Edition (march 1979), containing some of DeJohnette's most
challenging music: the
ten-minute One For Eric, the eleven-minute Zoot Suite and the eight-minute Journey To The Red Planet.
Replacing the saxophonists with tenorist Chico Freeman and altoist John Purcell,
Tin Can Alley (september 1980) and
Inflation Blues (september 1982)
further broadened the stylistic palette via adventurous pieces such as Tin Can Alley and the 13-minute Pastel Rhapsody on the former,
Ebony, Islands and Starbust on the latter.
While technically not particularly revolutionary, DeJohnette was proving to be one of the most accomplished composers among the drummers of all times.
Special Edition became a quintet for Album Album (june 1984),
with David Murray returning on tenor and the addition of Howard Johnson's tuba,
and the music (with the exception of Third World Anthem) was becoming
not only more eclectic but also much more accessible.
After a terrible Piano Album (january 1985), with DeJohnette interpreting standards at the piano, accompanied by bass and drums,
and a futuristic soundtrack for a videogame, Zebra (may 1985), scored only for synthesizer (DeJohnette himself) and trumpet (Lester Bowie),
DeJohnette resurrected the moniker Special Edition for Irresistible Force (january 1987) and Audio-Visualscapes (february 1988), but the players were all new (reed player Gary Thomas, saxophonist Greg Osby, electric bass and electric guitar) and the sound was updated to the new fashions of funk-jazz fusion.
Earthwalk (june 1991) added Michael Cain's electronic keyboards and further
stretched the compositions (On Golden Beams, Earth Walk,
Another intriguing project was the shamanic Music For The Fifth World (february 1992), for a rock-ish quintet featuring guitarists Vernon Reid and John Scofield and a choir, drummer Will Calhoun and bassist Lonnie Plaxico (and with DeJohnette doubling on vocals and synthesizer).
The pagan and spiritual phase led to
the 20-minute Dancing With Nature Spirits and the 22-minute Healing Song For Mother Earth for a trio of keyboards, reeds and percussion, off
Dancing with Nature Spirits (may 1995).
It then transitioned to the spiritual and intimate Oneness (january 1997)
and imploded into
the 61-minute keyboard meditation Music In the Key of Om (august 2003).
The Trio Beyond, ostensibly based on Tony Williams' Lifetime, debuted with
the double-disc Saudades (2006).
America (november 2008) is a collaboration between Jack DeJohnette and Wadada Leo Smith, originally composed in 1979.
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