Additions to the Bibliography on Mind and Consciousness)
compiled by Piero Scaruffi
My book on Consciousness
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(Copyright © 2000 Piero Scaruffi | Legal restrictions )
Haken Hermann: SYNERGETICS (Springer-Verlag, 1977)
Halpern Diane: THOUGHT AND KNOWLEDGE (Lawrence Erlbaum, 1995)
Third edition of a popular text, written in a conversational style, on the development of critical thinking and learning skills.
Halpern Mark: BINDING TIME (Ablex, 1990)
A collection of essays criticizing popular assumptions by computer scientists, starting with Turing's test itself.
Hamblin Charles: IMPERATIVES (Basil Blackwell, 1987)
The book describes Hamblin's action-state semantics for dealing with imperatives. The theory provides for a time scale, distinction between actions and states, physical and mental causation, agency and action-reduction, and intensionality.
Hameroff Stuart: ULTIMATE COMPUTING: BIOMOLECULAR CONSCIOUSNESS AND NANOTECHNOLOGY (Elsevier Science, 1987)
Hamilton Ternell: PROCESS AND PATTERN IN EVOLUTION (MacMillan, 1967)
Mutation, recombination, selection and isolation are the driving forces of evolution. Natural selection results in differential reproduction, i.e. in adaptation of populations, i.e. in evolutionary change. The phenotype of an organism is the result of the conflict between different selection forces. The individual is the unit of natural selection, gene substitution is the unit process in adaptation, and the species is the major unit of evolution.
Hamilton William Donald: NARROW ROADS OF GENE LAND (W.H. Freeman, 1996)
Hampson Peter & Morris Peter: UNDERSTANDING COGNITION (Blackwell, 1995)
An introduction to the main topics of cognitive psychology: memory, vision, language, attention. Three paradigms for studying cognition are discussed: artificial intelligence, cognitive science and connectionism.
Hanson Norwood: PATTERNS OF DISCOVERY (Cambridge Univ Press, 1958)
We see what we know. In order to see what another person sees we first need to learn what he knows. As we learn new knowledge, the world as we perceive it changes.
Hardcastle Valerie: LOCATING CONSCIOUSNESS (John Benjamins, 1995)
Hardin Larry: COLOR FOR PHILOSOPHERS (Hackett, 1988)
This was the Bible of "color eliminativism" (the theory that objects do not have colors, that colors are only in our minds) Philosophers engaged into lengthy discussions on this theory, that simply states the obvious: brains are slightly different, thus they see slightly different colors. It would be surprising if all brains saw the exact same colors.
Harris MaryDee: INTRODUCTION TO NATURAL LANGUAGE PROCESSING (Prentice Hall, 1985)
An excellent textbook on how to process natural language with a computer. It starts with a historic review, from Chomsky to Fillmore's case grammar and generative semantics. The main chapters address transformational generative grammar (phrase marker, transformational rules, etc); transition networks (recursive and augmented); case grammar; semantic networks; Schank's conceptual dependency; knowledge representation (scripts, frames).
Harth Erich: CREATIVE LOOP (Addison-Wesley, 1993)
Hassoun Mohamad: FUNDAMENTALS OF ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS (MIT Press, 1995)
A textbook on neural networks that begins with linear threshold gates, expands computational properties into the most popular supervised and unsupervised learning rules. A neural network is defined as a parallel computational model comprised of densely interconnected adaptive processing units in which learning by example replaces programming.. Neural learning is viewed mathematically as a search/approximation method. Extensive treatment is provided of adaptive multilayer networks. The book makes an effort to provide a unified and logical summary of the field.
Hassoun Mohamad: ASSOCIATIVE NEURAL MEMORIES (Oxford, 1993)
Articles by James Anderson, Pentti Kanerva, Amir Dembo and lots of japanese contributions.
Haugeland John: MIND DESIGN II (MIT Press, 1997)
The revised edition of the original collection of papers on Artificial Intelligence (which came out in 1981), focusing on the debate around Turing's test.
Haugeland John: ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (MIT Press, 1985)
An introduction to the field, that begins with an overview of modern science and explains the basic concepts for a broad audience.
Hauser Marc: THE EVOLUTION OF COMMUNICATION (MIT Press, 1996)
A general overview of animal communication.
Jeff Hawkins: ON INTELLIGENCE (Henry Holt, 2004)
Hayes-Roth Frederick: BUILDING EXPERT SYSTEMS (Addison Wesley, 1983)
Haykin Simon: NEURAL NETWORKS (Macmillan, 1994)
One of the most comprehensive and updated surveys of neural network algorithms.
Hebb Donald: ESSAY ON MIND (Lawrence Erlbaum, 1980)
Hebb's cell-assemblies theory holds that repeated exposure to a sensory stimulation will result in an assembly. Thought processes consist of an activity of such cell-assemblies. There is an intimate relationship between learning and perception: perception in the early stages is consequence of a primitive learning process, but later learning becomes a function of perception and of cognitive structure that originate from perception.
Hebb Donald: THE ORGANIZATION OF BEHAVIOR (John Wiley, 1949)
Hebb's hypothesis is that the basis for neural development lay in a selective strengthening or inibition of synapses between neurons. Synapses that get used are reinforced, while synapses that are not used are inhibited. This dual process molds the structure of the brain in a darwinian fashion. Metabolic change therefore occurs in the brain all the time. These synaptic changes are the basis for all learning and memory.
Hecht-Nielsen Robert: NEUROCOMPUTING (Addison-Wesley, 1989)
A textbook on neural networks (parallel, distributed, adaptive information processing systems), from a pragmatic, industrial viewpoint. All the most popular learning laws are examined extensively.
Heidegger Martin: BEING AND TIME (1962)
Heil John: PHILOSOPHY OF MIND (Routledge, 1998)
An up-to-date, technical but not too much, introduction to dualism, materialism, functionalism. Davidson and Dennett.
Heil John: PERCEPTION AND COGNITION (Univ of California Press, 1983)
Heil attempts to reconcile Gibson's theory of perception, that perception is largely a process of gathering of information from the environment, with a cognitive account of cognition. Perception is a link between beliefs and events or objects. In the end perception is the acquisition of beliefs by way of the senses. Concepts are simply skills that enable the perceiving agent to acquire beliefs. Having beliefs does not necessarily require language. Having beliefs does not necessarily require internal representations or computational capabilities.
Herbert Nick: ELEMENTAL MIND (Dutton, 1993)
Herbert Nick: FASTER THAN LIGHT: SUPERLUMINAL LOOPHOLES IN PHYSICS (Dutton, 1988)
Herbert Nick: QUANTUM REALITY: BEYOND THE NEW PHYSICS (Doubleday, 1985)
Hertz John, Krogh Anders & Palmer Richard: INTRODUCTION TO THE THEORY OF NEURAL COMPUTATION (Addison-Wesley, 1990)
A textbook on neural networks that starts with the Hopfield model and then covers perceptrons, multi-layer networks, Boltzmann machines, unsupervised learning (adaptive resonance, Kohonen). It provides a very modern expositions of the computational concepts.
Hewitt Carl: TOWARDS OPEN INFORMATION SCIENCE (MIT Press, 1990)
Hewitt has developed a semantics of intelligent communities. A system is "open" when the outcome of its actions can be predicted and at any time it can absorb new information from the outside world. Distributed intelligent systems are a particular type of open systems that can interact. The dynamics of such systems depends on the balance between two factors: self-reliance, i.e. the ability to act based only on local resources, and interdependency, the need to find resources elsewhere. That translates into the dualism of "committment" (the action that a system is determined to perform) and "cooperation" (the set of mutually dependent roles among systems).
Heyting Arend: INTUITIONISM (North Holland, 1956)
A classic textbook for intuitionism. Intuitionism prescribes that all proofs of theorems must be constructive. Only constructable objects are legitimate. The meaning of a statement resides not in its truth conditions but in the means of proof or verification.
Hintikka Jaakko: KNOWLEDGE AND BELIEF (Cornell Univ Press, 1962)
A very technical epistemic and doxastic theory. Hintikka sets up a formal system and shows its applications to the use of the verbs "know" and "believe".
Hintikka Jaakko THE INTENTIONS OF INTENTIONALITY (Reidel, 1975)
A collection of articles, including "Objects of knowledge", which defines the principles of his logic of attitudes.
Hintikka Jaakko: THE GAME OF LANGUAGE (Reidel, 1983)
Hintikka proposed his "game-theoretical semantics" as an alternative to compositional semantics. The semantic interpretation of a sentence is conceived of as a game between two agents. The semantics searches truth through a process of falsification and verification. The truth of an expression is determined through a set of domain-dependent rules which define a "game" between two agents: one agent is trying to validate the expression, the other one is trying to refute it. The expression is true if the truth agent wins. Unlike Dummett's verificationist semantics, Hintikka's is still a "truth-conditional" semantics.
Hintikka Jaakko: LOGIC OF EPISTEMOLOGY (Kluwer Academics, 1989)
A collection of articles on the (limitations of) semantics of possible worlds and epistemic logic (logic of knowledge).
Hintikka Jaakko & Sandu Gabriel: ON THE METHODOLOGY OF LINGUISTICS (Blackwell, 1990)
Hintikka presents a case study for his "game-theoretic semantics" by applying it to the treatment of coreference.
Hintikka Jaakko: ASPECTS OF METAPHOR (Kluwer Academics, 1994)
A collection of papers on metaphor, including Bipin Indurkhya's argument for an interaction theory of cognition and metaphor, Noel Carroll's presentation of visual metaphors and Eric Steinhart's model for generating metaphors in the context of semantic fields.
Hinton Geoffrey & Anderson James: PARALLEL MODELS OF ASSOCIATIVE MEMORY (Lawrence Erlbaum, 1989)
A selection of readings on parallel associative memory.
Hirst William: MAKING OF COGNITIVE SCIENCE (Cambridge, 1988)
A collection of essays in honor of George Miller.
Hobbs Jerry & Moore Robert: FORMAL THEORIES OF THE COMMONSENSE WORLD (Ablex Publishing, 1985)
A collection of seminal papers on commonsense reasoning, including the official version of Pat Hayes' "The naive physics manifesto".
Hobson Allan: THE CHEMISTRY OF CONSCIOUS STATES (Little & Brown, 1994)
Hobson, Allan: DREAMING AS DELIRIUM (MIT Press, 1999)
Hobson J. Allan: THE DREAMING BRAIN (Basic, 1989)
Hoffmeyer Jesper: SIGNS OF MEANING IN THE UNIVERSE (Indiana Univ. Press, 1996)
Hogan James-Patrick: Mind Matters; Exploring the World of Artificial Intelligence (Del Rey, 1998)
The science fiction writer provides a very superficial reading of the history of Artificial Intelligence.
Hofstadter Douglas: FLUID CONCEPTS AND CREATIVE ANALOGIES (Basic, 1995)
With this book Hofstadter goes as far as to propose a cognitive model, or at least refuse existing cognitive models, for the mind. The book comes with the software that was built to implement these analogical strategies, Copycat.
Hofstadter Douglas & Dennett Daniel: THE MIND'S I (Bantam, 1982)
A collection of articles from philosophers, mathematicians and novelists, surrounded by HJofstadter's own reflections on the themes of mind and consciousness.
Hofstadter Douglas: GODEL ESCHER BACH (Vintage, 1980)
A bold synthesis of mathematics, art and music, and a collection of intriguing thought experiments with recursion, self-reference, decision theory, artificial intelligence and genetics presented in a very elegant and creative manner.
Hofstadter Douglas: I AM A STRANGE LOOP (Basic, 2007)
Holland John et al: INDUCTION (MIT Press, 1986)
A study of induction (perceived as "how knowledge is modified through its use") built around a rule-based framework. Induction is directed by problem-solving activity and based on feedback about the value of its predictions. Learned categories are identified by clusters of rules. Induction involves two fundamental processes: a process to revise parameters of existing rules and a process to generate new rules. Both processes are guided by knowledge about the domain.
Holland John Henry: ADAPTATION IN NATURAL AND ARTIFICIAL SYSTEMS (MIT Press, 1992)
Revised edition of the seminal 1975 book that generated the momentum for the study of complex adaptive systems and genetic algorithms.
Holland John: HIDDEN ORDER (Addison Wesley, 1995)
Holland focuses on "complex adaptive systems". Such systems are governed by principles of anticipation and feedback. Based on a model of the world, an adaptive system anticipates what is going to happen. Models are improved based on feedback from the environment.
Horgan John: THE END OF SCIENCE (Broadway, 1996)
A comprehensive survey of Physics, Philosophy, Biology, Neuroscience, etc. at the end of our century. Unfortunately, littered with autobiographical distractions and interviews of distinguished philosophers and scientists. The topic is the idea that Science may have reached a dead end, may be slowing down and fading out. The book is a collection of interviews with the most distinguished scientists of our time, with a brief introduction to their theories and then their (bleak) vision of the future of science.
Hughes, Howard: SENSORY EXOTICA (MIT Press, 1999)
Humphrey Nicholas: CONSCIOUSNESS REGAINED (Oxford Univ Press, 1983)
Humphrey thinks that the function of consciousness is that of social interaction with other consciousnesses. Consciousness gives every human a priviliged picture of her own self as a model for what it is like to be another human.
Humphrey Nicholas: A HISTORY OF THE MIND (Simon & Schuster, 1993)
A study of the evolution of consciousness from simple matter to thought, emotions and self-consciousness.
Humphreys Glyn: UNDERSTANDING VISION (Blackwell, 1992)
A collection of articles on the subject.
Hutchinson George Evelyn: AN INTRODUCTION TO POPULATION ECOLOGY (Yale University Press, 1978)
Hutchinson reviews the field of population dynamics, introduces formal definitions for quantities such as "ecological niche" ("an N-dimensional hypervolume within which environmental conditions at every point permit an organism to live") and derives nonlinear analyses of populations.
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