Piero Scaruffi(Copyright © 2013 Piero Scaruffi | Legal restrictions )
These are excerpts and elaborations from my book "The Nature of Consciousness"
The US psychologist Howard Bloom believes that Darwinian evolution can explain the history of humankind. However, he sees evolution as operating on a hierarchy of systems.
In Bloom's Darwinian world, it is societies, and not only individuals, that compete for survival. Societies are capable of amazing feats that seem due to an invisible mind, but are simply due to a "neural network" of individuals. Societies are super-organisms that develop their own mental lives. Memes are sort of the "thoughts" of these super-organisms. After all, isn't the human body just a society of cells that could live independently but have decided to live together? In all aspects of civilization he sees the working of a superorganism, a network of individuals, a network that takes on a life of its own, driven by Darwinian competition.
Just like organisms, societies too compete against each other. Evil is the inevitable consequence of that kind of global competition among societies. He notices that every society regards outsiders as not really human and justifies hatred as righteousness. Why does history repeat itself? Because the same evolutionary principles are at work, over and over again, in each and every society.
Back to the beginning of the chapter "Altruism" | Back to the index of all chapters