(Copyright © 1999-2017 Piero Scaruffi | Terms of use )
Reasonable Doubt (1996), 7/10
My Lifetime Vol 1 (1997), 5.5/10
Vol 2: Hard Knock Life (1998), 5/10
Vol 3: Life and Times of S. Carter (1999), 5/10
Dynasty Roc la Familia (2000), 6/10
The Blueprint (2001), 6.5/10
The Black Album (2004), 5/10
Kingdom Come (2006), 5/10
American Gangster (2007), 6.5/10
The Blueprint 3 (2009), 5/10

New York rapper Jay-Z (Shawn Carter) was one of the most successful hip-hop acts of the 1990s. His gangsta-rap album Reasonable Doubt (1996), featuring state-of-the-art raps such as Ain't No Nigga, Can't Knock the Hustle, Dead Presidents, Feelin' It, was not particularly original, but at least packed some passion and sounded sincere. His subsequent albums were the exact opposite: superficial, artificial and meaningless. The conversion to mainstream pop-hop fusion began on My Lifetime Vol 1 (1997), and its hits Sunshine and The City Is Mine, and continued on Vol 2: Hard Knock Life (1998), with Can I Get A, Hard Knock Life Jigga What, It's Alright and Money Ain't a Thang, the star-studden Vol 3: Life and Times of S. Carter (1999), and Dynasty Roc la Familia (2000), with I Just Wanna Love U. Each of these was a monster selling album. Jay-Z's style was easy to digest and basically invented living-room rap.

The Blueprint (2001), with Izzo, upped the ante a bit, but it was the eclectic double album The Blueprint: The Gift & the Curse (2002) that established his credentials as a musician. Not a single track was innovative, but all tracks were sophisticated enough in their respective (crossover) styles.

Jay Z Collison Course (2004) is a collaboration with Linkin Park.

Jay-Z announced his retirement after The Black Album (2004), containing the pounding explosive 99 Problems, but nobody believed him.

The Best Of Both Worlds (2002) and Unfinished Business (2005) were collaborations with R. Kelly.

Despite the cast of guests (Dr Dre, Timbaland, Pharrell Williams, Kanye West), Kingdom Come (2006) was another disappointment.

On the other hand, American Gangster (2007), a post-modern concept album drenched in the sound of the 1970s (with floating snippets of Al Green, Curtis Mayfield and Marvin Gaye), restored Jay-Z's claim to the throne of gangster-rap (Pray, Ignorant Shit).

The Blueprint 3 (2009) finally concluded the "Blueprint" series, with Alicia Keys helping in Empire State of Mind, Rihanna in Run This Town and Timbaland penning Off That. It was the 11th album by Jay-Z to top the sale charts, thus beating the record held for decades by Elvis Presley.

Watch The Throne (2011) was a collaboration with Kanye West, mostly an excuse to line up world-famous and hire the world's most high-tech studios.

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