Osamu Tezuka (Japan, 1928) entered the world of
Japanese manga with
"Shin Takarajima", created in collaboration with
Sakai Shichima and serialized in 1947,
based on Robert Louis Stevenson's 1883 novel "Treasure Island".
He followed it with
a trilogy of science fiction mangas: Zenseiki/ Lost World (1948), Metoroporisu/ Metropolis (1949) and Kitarubeki Sekai/ Nextworld (1951).
He became a superstar of manga with
Janguru Taitei/ Kimba the White Lion (serialized from 1950 to 1954) and
Tetsuwan-Atomu/ Astro Boy (from 1952 to 1968).
After Ribon no Kishi/ Princess Knight (1953-56) he slowly abandoned the
Disney-inspired children's genre for adult mangas like
Hi no Tori/ Phoenix (started in 1954), which spans 12 books,
Chikyu o Nomu/ Swallowing the Earth (1968-69),
Burakku Jakku/ Black Jack (1973-83),
His first animation was Saiyuki/ Alakazam the Great (1960), an adaptation of China's 16th-century novel "Journey to the West". After founding his own production company (Mushi Productions), he realized Aru Machikado no Monogatari/ Tales from a Certain Street Corner (1962), Astro Boy (1963), Jungle Emperor (1965), the first Japanese animated series in full color, Senya Ichiya Monogatari/ A Thousand and One Nights (1969), directed by Eiichi Yamamoto and the first installment of the "Animerama" trilogy, Kureopatora/ Cleopatra (1970) and Kanashimi no Beradonna/ Belladonna of Sadness (1973). Tezuka died in 1989.