Johnnie To


(Copyright © 2012 Piero Scaruffi | Terms of use )

6.4 Justice My Foot (1992)
7.0 The Heroic Trio (1993)
5.0 Lifeline (1997)
5.5 Expect The Unexpected (1998)
6.8 The Longest Nite (1998)
6.8 A Hero Never Dies (1998)
6.3 Where a Good Man Goes (1999)
7.3 Running Out of Time (1999)
7.1 The Mission (1999)
6.0 Needing You (2000)
5.0 Fulltime Killer (2001)
6.9 PTU (2003)
6.8 Running On Karma (2003)
7.4 Drug War (2004)
6.5 Breaking News (2004)
6.5 Throw Down (2004)
6.7 Election (2005)
6.8 Triad Election (2006)
7.8 Exiled (2006)
7.6 Mad Detective (2007)
5.0 Sparrow (2007)
7.0 Vengeance (2009)
6.0 Don't Go Breaking My Heart (2011)
6.6 Life Without Principle (2011)
6.9 Office (2015)
6.5 Three (2016)
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Key-fung "Johnnie" To (China, 1955) debuted with Chengshi Tejing/ City Police/ The Big Heat (1988), produced by Tsui Hark, and Ba Xing Baoxi/ The Eighth Happiness (1988).

Alang De Gushi/ Alang's Story/ All About Ah-Long (1989) basically began the Triad saga and was his first major hit.

Other films of the era include: Tejing 90/ SWAT 90/ The Iron Butterfly (1989) and The Iron Butterfly 2 (1990), Ai de Shijie/ The World of Love/ The Story of My Son (1990), Jixing Gong Zhao/ The Fun the Luck and the Tycoon (1990), Zhizun Wu Shang II - Yong Ba Tianxia/ Casino Raiders II (1991), the third installment in the "Casino Raiders" saga, Ti Dao Bao/ Lucky Encounter (1991), and Shen Si Guan/ Justice My Foot (1992) is a comedy.

Dong Fang San Xia/ The Heroic Trio (1993) and Xian Dai Hao Xia Zhuan/ Executioners (1993) tell the story of three women: a bounty hunter, an invisible woman, and a martial-arts cop.

Ji Gong/ The Mad Monk (1993) is a comedy set in Song Dynasty times.

The martial-arts epic The Bare-Footed Kid (1993) is a remake of Chang Cheh's Disciples of Shaolin (1977).

After the comedy Jigong/ The Mad Monk (1993), the martial-arts movie Chijiao Xiaozi/ The Bare-Footed Kid (1993), Wuwei Shentan/ Tasteless Detective/ Loving You (1995), Tian Ruo Youqing III/ A Moment of Romance III (1996), the third installment of a popular series that he had produced, and Lifeline (1997), a melodrama about heroic firefighters, the prolific To returned to the gangster genre: Chan Sam Ying Hung/ True Heart Hero/ A Hero Never Dies (1998) tells the story of two gangsters who are betrayed by their bosses, a similar setting as John Woo's A Better Tomorrow (1986), but the shootout scenes are mostly tedious (and the final one is wildly implausible) and the humor feels childish. Siu Keung Cheng's stylish cinematography is by far the real attraction.

A triad boss, Yam, is being scolded by an old fortune teller for not being able to win the war against his rival Fong. The fortune teller (who speaks Thai through an interpreter) insults Yam and beats him with a stick. Suddenly, Yam's bodyguard Jack shoots the paraphernalia of the fortune teller and then points the gun at the fortune teller and asks him to foresee his own future: will he (Jack) shoot him or not? The fortune teller says "No" and Jack shoots him in the foot. He then tells his boss Yam to ignore fortune tellers and to trust instead the devotion of his men. Driving back home in the middle of the night, the gang is ambushed and Yam is almost killed. The rival gang's top killer, Martin, briefly aims his gun at Jack but then doesn't kill him (Jack calmly smokes a cigarette even knowing that Martin is aiming at him). In revenge for Yam's murder, Jack and other members of Yam's gang tear up Martin's place. Jack and Martin then exchange insults and threats via various intermediaries. They find each other and collide with their cars until the cars stop working. Then they calmly walk out of the their cars and enter the bar of their friend Po. There they play a silly game of breaking wine glasses to prove who is smarter. The silly confrontation ends when Martin's girlfriend Fiona and Jack's girlfriend Yoyo arrive in other cars. The men take off and the girls have to walk home. Fiona, who has been with Martin longer than Yoyo has been with Jack, explains that they look like friends but are doomed to kill each other, and that these men respect other men better than they respect their women. Jack is informed that Yam is flying to Bangkok to see the fortune teller again and decides that it is a dangerous idea, so Jack takes a plane too. "the general" in Bangkok Meanwhile, Martin informs Fong, who hides in a secluded mansion, that he failed to kill Yam. We learn that Fong and Yam were supposed to join forces but Yam betrayed Fong and now Fong wants him dead. Fong asks Martin to kill Yam before Yam reaches "the general". Martin flies to Bangkok too. Martin visits the fortune teller, who has one foot in a cast. He mocks the fortune teller and asks him to predict his own future: will he (Martin) shoot him? The fortune teller answers "Yes" and Martin shoots him and then congratulates him for correctly predicting his own future. Yam's men stop at a hotel. Martin's men attack it. In the massive shootout a lot of people die and finally Martin and Jack confront each other until they run out of bullets. They collapse to the floor, wounded. Yam proves to be a coward but shoots Martin repeatedly on the legs. Then, not realizing it's Jack, he beats Jack on the head until he falls unconscious. They are hospitalized. Fong and Yam, the leaders of the two gangs, travel to a jungle location to meet up with the general, who is a real army general, but a foreign one (he speaks to them in English). The general brokers the peace between the two gangs. Fong and Yam shake hands. Meanwhile, the two girlfriends prove their devotion to the two crippled gangsters. Yoyo saves Jack from two killers hiding him in the morgue but accidentally starts a fire. Fiona authorizes the doctor to amputate Martin's legs and then steals expensive medicines from a pharmacy while washing his poop from his pants at the hospital. She tries in vain to get help from Fong. She prostitutes herself with the head of a shipping company to get herself and Martin smuggled back into Hong Kong. When they arrive, Fiona pushes Martin's wheelchair into Fong's nightclub, determined to get some help for Martin. She then has to drag the wheelchair up the stairs to reach the room where Fong is partying, but in vain: he orders his men to dump her and Martin outside in the rain. They even destroy the wheelchair so she has to push Martin away on a dolly. Undeterred, she walks back into the nightclub shouting to Fong's men that Fong is a coward and a traitor. Fiona ruins Fong's party and Fong shoots her dead in front of everybody. Martin becomes a beggar, panhandling around the city on his dolly, but slowly recovers his strength through incessant exercise and arms himself with a gun. Martin tries to assassinate Fong but misses him and Fong's men almost kill him. Elsewhere, Jack in still in Thailand, works a regular humble job and lives in a crowded tenement with Yoyo, whose face has been horribly scarred by the fire. One day Jack sees a picture of Martin in the paper and finds a way to communicate with him via faxes sent to Po's bar, that Po then hangs on the window for Martin to read. When Fong finds one such fax, he sent goons to assassinate Jack. They are easily killed by Jack and Jack decides to return to Hong Kong. He faxes the date to Po, who hangs it at the window for Martin. Jack arrives at Po's bar and calls one of his old buddies to warn him to stay out of the fight. Fong hears that some of his men and Yam's men refuse to fight Jack and Martin. Jack and Martin reunite and Jack pushes Martin's wheelchair towards Fong's nightclub. Jack and Martin kill everybody (of course) and finally kill both Fong and Yam, but Martin is killed and Jack fatally wounded. As Fong is agonizing on the floor, Jack puts a gun in Martin's hand and pulls the trigger. Then Jack falls to the floor, dead like everybody else.

Anhua/ Dark Flower/ The Longest Nite (1998) was written by Ka-Fai Wai and partially directed by Patrick Yau. It is perhaps his bleakest film.

Fai Seung Dat Yin/ Expect The Unexpected (1998), co-directed with Patrick Yau, pokes fun at both the gangsters and the police.

The protagonist of the police thrillers An Zhan/ Hidden War/ Running Out of Time (1999) and Running Out of Time 2 (2001) is a gangster who is dying of cancer. Running Out of Time is a clever heist movie, a stunningly elaborate thriller, scripted again by Nai-Hoi Yau, elevated way above the average of that genre by neurotic camera work. There are two protagonists, and as usual it's a battle between evil and good. But here "good" ends up siding with "evil", and "evil" ends up doing good. These two smart and honest (in their own ways) protagonists represent completely different life trajectories, but both positive in a sea of negative characters: they are surrounded by a society that is either selfish (the young woman who is fascinated by the criminal and indifferent to which crime he may have committed), greedy (the dishonest manager who hides money in the bathroom) or stupid (the police chief who is easily fooled, the naive US gangsters who are easily robbed and killed by the much smarter Chinese gangsters).

A young man, Cheung Wah, walks up to the roof of a high-rise building and walks straight to the edge. A flashback shows the doctor telling him that he only has four weeks to live. An officer in suit and tie, Ho Sheung-sang, is called on the scene of a hostage situation: gangsters robbed a bank and now hold hostages and demand a car and a helicopter to escape. There are already wounded hostages. Ho boldly walks into the bank and stirs up disagreement between the two gangsters over what to do next. One is ready to kill the hostages. As the situation is about to get out of control, one of the hostages pulls out a gun and shoots the two gangsters dead. The hostages run out of the building and Ho remains alone with the shooter and the dying gangsters. The shooter identifies himself as a cop on vacation. Ho sees that one of the gangsters is still alive. Before dying the gangster whispers to him that the shooter is their mastermind, but then dies: Ho has no proof that the cop is actually a criminal, not a hero. Ho walks out of the building unharmed and the corrupt cop kills himself. Ho then notices an old photographer taking a lot of pictures of him. The following day Chueng does some research on Ho on his computer. Then Chueng eats at the same diner and pays the bill for Ho, without talking to him but leaving him a cryptic written message: "13". Chueng then calmly walks into a bank and stages his own robbery, but takes only one hostage: the manager. He forces the manager to open the safe and then stuffs the manager's jacket with banknotes. Chueng climbs into the air-conditioning ducts and installs a security camera in another office. Then he returns to the manager's office. Chueng refuses the first negotiator sent by the police. When Ho shows up, Chueng, holding the hostage on the roof of the building, tells him cryptically that he wants to play a game with him for three days. Ho tries to negotiate when Chueng suddenly shoots the hostage. The cops are about to storm the roof but Chueng shows them a remote controller that he claims controls a bomb. Ho doesn't believe that the bomb is real but the police chief orders his men to stop. Chueng jumps into a shaft of the air-conditioning system and disappears. Ho proves to the chief that the bomb is a fake. The hostage is not dead after all: Chueng's gun was full of red paint, not bullets. Chueng enters a restroom where he hid a cop uniform, wears the uniform and then calmly walks out of the building. Ho guesses right each of Chueng's moves but he's always a few seconds too late to catch him. He then has an idea: Chueng will need a taxi to go home, so Ho takes control of a taxi and wears the driver's uniform. Sure enough Cheung takes his taxi and Ho informs him that they are going to the police station. Cheung starts shooting randomly at passers-by, missing them narrowly. Ho stops the car and Cheung runs away. He boards a bus and sits next to a girl behaving like he's her boyfriend. The girl sees that he has a gun and cooperates. Meanwhile, the manager is in a bathroom, torn between returning the money that Chueng stuffed in his pockets and keeping it. Eventually he hides it in the tank of the toilet. Chueng gets off the bus and the girl follows him to return his sunglasses (she seems neither scared of him nor interested in alerting the police). Ho and the police chief are left clueless. Ho understands that this is not a normal robbery but can't figure out what this is all about. In another part of town, a meeting of gangsters takes place: a bald man, "Baldy", and two young US gangsters are meeting with the old photographer shown in an early scene. Baldy asks the old man, who speaks into a device, to check if a giant diamond is real. The old man says it is. Baldy instead tells the US gangsters that it is not and shoots them dead, and keeps the diamond. The old man, not shocked at all, tells Baldy that he has a customer for the diamond and he wants a 20% commission. Basically, the US gangsters were naive to think that Baldy would pay for something that he could have for free, and the old man knew it. Baldy and his men then walk into the office of a fictitious financial company, which happens to be right next to the bank "robbed" by Chueng. Baldy and his men walk past Ho who is walking out of the bank after interrogating the manager (a manager who is only interested in going to the bathroom where he hid the money). Ho's interest in that company is merely that they may have seen something unusual. Cheung, meanwhile, can see what is going on inside that office because he left his security camera pointed precisely at the safe of that office. Cheung watches carefully as one of Baldy's goons opens the safe and notes the combination. Cheung puts an ordinary screw into a jeweler's box and smiles. But he is soon shaken by violent coughing and spits blood: his conditions are worsening.
Ho is puzzled that Cheung broke into that bank instead of robbing easier offices in the same building, and is puzzled that Cheung chose him for his game. He senses that Cheung wants to use him for something. He receives a package that contains the jeweler's box with the screw.
Ho continues his investigation even if the police chief told him to stop. First he meets with a female investigator of the Interpol and finds pictures of Baldy in her files. He asks about Baldy and the female investigator tells him that he is a wanted man who used to work for the old man, the one who took pictures of Ho and who appraised the diamond. The old man's name is Peter Cheung. At night Ho fools the security guard and enters the building. Cheung is parked outside and watches Ho who is being filmed by Cheung's security camera. This time Ho is interested in Baldy's office. Ho doesn't know the code to enter Baldy's office but uses white powder to figure out which digits are more used and then tries all their combination until one works. As he explores the office, Ho realizes that the screw belongs to a panel of the ventilation ducts. Following that clue, he crawls into the ducts and finds Cheung's security camera. As Ho looks into it, Cheung presses a button and causes an explosion in the duct which alerts Baldy's goons to the intruder's presence. Ho has to run for his life. Baldy's goons also realize that the camera was positioned to show the combination of the safe. Cheung calls Ho on his mobile phone and toys with him. Cheung drives into the underground parking lot of the building, driving a car identical to Baldy's car and wearing a wig to look bald like Baldy. One of Baldy's goons comes downstairs to hand the briefcase with the diamond to Baldy and hands it to Cheung: Cheung has used Ho to steal a diamond. Baldy arrives seconds later and finds his goon lying unconscious on the floor. At the same time Ho gets into his car and sees Cheung drive away. Ho chases Cheung through the deserted streets, unaware that Baldy is also chasing him. Eventually they are both trapped by Baldy's men who shoot at them. Ho and Cheung strike a temporary alliance to get out alive. Cheung and Ho drive away safely and this time Ho has the gun and tells Cheung to drive to the nearest police station, but Cheung instead crashes the car into a wall at high speed. They both crawl out of the smoking wreckage. Cheung is able to grab the briefcase with the diamond and walk away, but, wrestling with Ho, he drops the bottle with the painkilling pills that he has been taking. After he is dismissed from the hospital, Ho is approached by the police chief, who always hated him but has found the pills by the car and comically now thinks that Ho is the one who is terminally ill and feels bad about mistreating him. Ho continues his investigation after his Interpol friend delivers a file on Peter Cheung: he died a year earlier and his son disappeared. Meanwhile, Baldy receives a package from Peter Cheung: inside there are photos of the diamond. Peter wants a lot of money to return the diamond. Baldy calls him to threaten him and we see who picks up the phone: it's Cheung, Peter's son, who speaks with the device, and we realize that the old man has always been the young Cheung camouflaged as his old father. Cheung has architected this complex plan to take revenge on Baldy, who betrayed his father. Cheung asks Ho to meet him at a diner and tells him when and where he is going to deliver the diamond to Baldy, so Ho can arrest him. That will conclude their three-day game. Cheung takes a bus and, again, the bus is stopped by the police, and, again, the same girl is on the bus. The girl grabs him and pretends to be his girlfriend. It is actually a routine police check on the driver. The girl and Cheung enter a restaurant. She tells him that she has seen his face in the newspaper and knows who he is. Their conversation is interrupted when she sees him coughing blood and he quickly leaves. Baldy and his men stake the bowling place where they are supposed to meet Cheung. The police chief and his men are there, disguised as customers, ready to arrest Baldy the moment he takes possession of the diamond. And Ho too is there. A woman sits next to him: it's Cheung, dressed like a woman. Cheung asks Ho to deliver the briefcase with the diamond to Baldy. Baldy, thinking that the disguised Cheung is Ho's girlfriend, tells Ho that he will give the money to the girl while Ho remains as a hostage. Two of Baldy's goons walk Cheung to the locker and show her the bag full of money. Ho keeps waiting in the bowling hall. Nothing happens. After waiting a long time, Baldy dispatches another man to check what is going on: Cheung has knocked out the two goons and disappeared. He is actually in the bathroom coughing blood but also changing to normal clothes. When he recovers, Cheung returns with a bag that, he claims, contains the real diamond, whereas, he claims, Ho's briefcase contains a fake. Baldy takes Cheung's bag, but only finds a bowling ball inside. Baldy throws it angrily on the floor: the ball breaks and reveals a whole bunch of small diamonds inside. These are small diamonds that Cheung found in the safe when he staged the fake heist. Now the police can get into action: they arrest Baldy for stealing the diamonds. In the commotion Ho doesn't notice that Cheung has disappeared with the giant diamond: he has both the bag with the money and the briefcase with the diamond. Ho finds Cheung and arrests him. Cheung challenges him again to take him to the police station. This time Ho handcuffs him to the car. While Ho is driving, Cheung spits blood on the windshield. Then he unveils a remote-controlled bomb. To check whether Cheung is bluffing, Ho presses the button. Alas, this time it's a real bomb: in one minute it will explode. Cheung tells Ho that he doesn't care since he is dying anyway and his last wish is not to die in a police station. Ho stops the car and walks away from it, apparently to let Cheung die the way he wants. But the car never explodes. Instead, Cheung drives away with a smile on his face: he has won the three-day game. But Ho is not surprised and doesn't even turn to see the car drive away: maybe he knew it was a bluff and decided to help Cheung get away. It is the 13th day of the month, and the anniversary of the death of Cheung's father. Days later Ho reads in the newspaper that a generous benefactor donated all the money to a cancer foundation. Later Ho takes the bus and sees Cheung's girl... wearing the giant diamond. She thinks that it is a cheap jewel and tells Ho that it was a gift and that the guy disappeared after giving her that gift. We know what happened to him: the first scene showed us how Cheung ended his life.

Joi Gin a Long/ Where a Good Man Goes (1999), co-directed with Patrick Yau, is yet another triad melodrama set in Macau in which a gangster just released from jail wants to find the wife who betrayed him and stole the loot but instead falls in love with a lonely woman.

Cheung Foh/ The Mission (1999), one of his most stylish gangster movies, is basically one long shootout with very little dialogue.

Someone is trying to assassinate the boss of a gang, Lung, who lives in a huge mansion. His brother Frank organizes a retinue of five body guards, including the owner of a night club, Roy, and his man Shin (who normally finds girls and rooms for VIPs), under the direction of the ruthless Curtis. They torture in vain one of the men who is suspected of being a traitor. One night someone shoots Lung in an alley, fooling the body guards around him. Lung is saved by the bullet-proof vest, but the sniper gets away. Roy is furious. Lung, instead, takes it philosophically and doesn't blame anyone. Someone tries to kill all of the bodyguards in a deserted shopping mall, but they escape unarmed after the shootout. Another attempt is foiled at the office building where the boss works. The man they tortured is now a janitor. The boss hands him some money on the way to the elevator. The janitor realizes that the men coming out of the elevator are about to shoot him and screams. The janitor is shot but the boss and his bodyguards can escape unarmed again. They chase one of the shooters and lay siege to an abandoned warehouse. After a long shootout, Lung's men prevailed over the men inside and capture one of them. They finally find out who is trying to assassinate their boss Lung: a family friend named Fat Cheung who worked with Lung's and Frank's father in the old days but was marginalized and now simply runs a restaurant. He is liquidated quickly and the five bodyguards drink to their eternal friendship. However, when Curtis meets Frank to receive the financial reward, Frank tells him that Shin has been having an affair with Lung's wife. Curtis coldly decides to kill him, but Roy, learning of the problem, tells Curtis that Shin, who has been his right arm man for a long time, is under his protection. The team is now split. Roy finds Shin, gives him his share of the reward and beats him up. But Roy and the other two have decided to save his life. The problem is that, by doing so, they risk their own life. They meet with Curtis at a restaurant for a last dinner. Curtis confirms that he intends to kill Shin, who is sitting next to him. Curtis' man James offers to talk to Lung and try to reverse his order while the others continue their dinner. On his way to Lung's place James witnesses two of Lung's men assassinate Lung's wife. James runs back to the restaurant but time is up. Despite hearing that the woman is dead, Curtis carries out his orders and kills Shin in front of the others. Everybody points the gun at everybody else. Roy shoots furious but not at Curtis, simply out of anger. He has no choice but to let Curtis do his job. They all leave but on the way out Curtis hands his man James a blank bullet: he shot Shin knowing that James had loaded his gun with a blank. When they are all gone, Shin walks out of the restaurant, drunk, but alive.

He also co-directed with Wai Ka-Fai (and produced) the films Help (2000), Needing You (2000), a very successful romantic comedy that pairs a hard-working girl cheated by her boyfriend with her womanizing boss, Chuen Jik Sat Sau/ Fulltime Killer (2001), a big-budget film, Love on a Diet (2001), Wu Yen (2001), My Left Eye Sees Ghosts (2002) and Lik goo lik goo san nin choi/ Fat Choi Spirit (2002), one of his best comedies. These rank among his worst films.

PTU (2003) is aesthetically one of his best, the culmination of his cinematographer's noir calligraphy, but the plot is razor thin and not particularly well developed. Towards the end the photography steals the show with dazzling movements and angles, while the story tries to converge into an epic shootout whose rationale is not completely clear (its best and funniest thing being a child who apparently rides around at night breaking into cars to steal coins and who gets caught up in the mayhem).

The whole action takes place during one night. Police officers on an armored truck comment on the death of a fellow cop, killed by bank robbers. Ponytail and four of his thugs meet at a restaurant. The owner is terrorized by them. A long-haired kid is forced to move to another table when they take over his table. The kid silently moves and keeps eating. Meanwhile, Lo, the sergeant who controls the neighborhood shows up at the same restaurant. Outside he is confronted by a young man who obviously does not know who he is. The young man is the grandson of the butcher, and the butcher immediately comes to apologize to sergeant Lo. The sergeant walks into the restaurant and orders (the owner of the restaurant is no less terrorized by him than by the thugs). He sits at the same table as the thugs, who then move to the table of the long-haired kid, who then moves to another table. Ponytail's thugs leave the restaurant. When the sergeant leaves too (without having exchanged a single word with Ponytail), he finds that one of them is scratching his car's door. The sergeant starts running after the punk. The butcher's grandson seizes the opportunity and dumps white paint on the sergeant's expensive car. Inside the restaurant the long-haired kid receives a phone call, then gets up, pulls out a steak knife and pushes the knife into the back of Ponytail. Ponytail does not die: he musters enough strength to run outside, flag down a taxi, then, when the taxi driver runs away scared, drive the taxi himself towards the hospital. He finally dies crashing into other cars. The sergeant is still chasing the punk through dark deserted alleys. It is a trap: the others are waiting for him behind a corner. Ironically, he trips and falls badly by himself. The thugs find him lying unconscious on the pavement. They still beat him up, fearful of what to tell Ponytail. When the police officers find the sergeant, he claims he simply fell by himself. However, his gun is gone, and that's serious enough that they should report it immediately. He begs them not to, because it would jeopardize his coming promotion. The captain in charge, Mike Ho, accepts to do it and tells his men that he himself will report it if the gun is not recovered within a day. The sergeant, nicknamed Fatty, takes off on his car and, first thing, he buys a toy gun and paints it so it will look real. He reaches the site where Ponytail lies dead and steals his cell phone. Ho is calling it from the cell phone of Ponytail's cousin. Fatty tells Ho that Ponytail is dead. The icy female inspector Cheng can smell that something is wrong when Ponytail's phone goes missing, even if Fatty quickly returns it. Ho's men corner another punk and almost beat him to death until he reveals where Ponytail's man hang out: the third floor of an abandoned building. It is now middle of the night and nobody is in the streets except for the cops. After Cheng sends a trusted cop to "learn" from Ho, Ho's men become reluctant to follow him: by not reporting the lost gun they are breaking the law and now there is a spy among them to witness their actions. Nonetheless Ho is adamant that he will continue to search for Lo's gun until the morning, even risking his career. His men follow him. Lo/Fatty is approached by an old fat man, nicknamed Uncle, who tells him that Eye Ball is innocent of Ponytail's murder. Icy inspector Cheng is in fact looking for Eye Ball (using interrogation methods no less brutal than Ho's). Ho and his men enter the abandoned warehouse (a lengthy pointless scene). iThey find two half-naked girls kept captive by a woman. Ho simply asks for the gang's whereabouts and ignores the crying girls. Cheng has Ponytail's phone and she realizes that someone keeps calling that number looking for Lo/Fatty: that someone is Ho. Viceversa Lo/Fatty keeps getting phone calls for Ponytail. Deserted streets. Cops walking and/or driving around.
Fatty meets Ponytail's father, who is very angry at the thugs who were supposed to protect his son (the ones whom Ho is looking for): he has trapped them naked into tiny cages. Ponytail's father Bald Head believes that Eye Ball killed his son, so he wants Eye Ball's head in exchange for Fatty's gun. Fatty leaves and the old man resumes torturing the men who were supposed to protect his son.
Cheng's men figure out what is wrong with Ponytail's cell phone: it is actually Fatty's phone! Which also explains why Fatty keeps getting phone calls for Ponytail: he accidentally switched the two phones. Fatty calls Eye Ball and tells him that everything will be all right. Then he meets with Ho at the restaurant and asks him to keep the cops out of Canton St at 4am. Cheng has seen his car downstairs (being painted white it is easy to recognize) and walks to their table explaining the mixup with the cell phones. Fatty grabs his cell phone and runs out the back door. He then calls Bald Head from a public phone and asks him to take him to Eye Ball at 4am. The next person to use the same public phone is a young man who seems desperate to get in touch with someone. Cheng's undercover agent calls her saying that he has important information about Eye Ball and Bald Head. When Bald Head leaves for the appointment, he is followed by Cheng's car. Fatty and the young man are still near the same phone booth. This time the young man gets through and a man tells him that they are about to pick him up. Fatty is waiting for Bald Head. A child, who has been riding around on his bicycle, breaks the windows of a car to steal coins. Some of Ho's cops, who were investigating the mysterious break-ins, are watching but don't intervene. Eye Ball arrives... and he realizes that Fatty has set him up because a few seconds later Ponytail's father Bald Head arrives too. Cheng drives by in front of Fatty, who is still at the telephone booth. Ho's men, disobeying Fatty, come running down the street. A taxi stops by to drop off three friends of the young man who was using the same phone booth... but they quickly pull out guns (are they the bank robbers mentioned in the first sequence of the film?) Shooting erupts: Bald Head wants to kill Eye Ball (and they kill each other right away), everybody else shoots for non-obvious reasons (and without trying to avoid bullets). Fatty is the only one who doesn't have a real gun and crawls away, chased by the young man of the phone booth. Fatty trips on something and, lo and behold, finds his own lost phone; and shoots the young man just in time. Lots of dead people in the street. Cheng behaved like a coward, hiding inside her car, and apologizes to Fatty: she fires a few shots so it will look like she participated in the shootout. The child rides away with the coins he stole from the cars he broke into.

New collaborations with Wai were Love for All Seasons (2003), Xiang Zuo Zou Xiang You Zou/ Turn Left Turn Right (2003), the adaptation of Jimmy Liao's graphic novel A Chance of Sunshine (1999), and Running On Karma (2003). The latter is not a great film because the plot is implausible, the acting is approximate, and there are amateurish scenes, but it is an intriguing philosophical meditation on justice, revenge and the meaning of life.

The film opens with a supersized male stripper dancing on a stage nd sending his female fans delirious. A cop is called for a murder: a man whose face has been horribly disfigured. Inside a box they find a bearded Indian contortionist. One of the women who was crazier about the male stripper pulls out her badge: she is a cop and he is under arrest. The contortionist is arrested and chained in the car. One of the cops starts beating him up. Meanwhile, the male stripper runs away naked. The contortionist manages to kill the cop who is beating him and to escape and, chased by three armed cops and a dog, runs into the same alley where the naked stripper is running from the other direction, chased by the female cop. The two men briefly collide and the stripper has visions of extreme violence and, lying on the ground, mumbles that he used to be a monk. The contortionist disappears while the stripper is arrested and taken into custody. The captain tortures the naked man but the female cop comes to rescue him: he is only guilty of indecent exposure. She bandages him and then interrogates him about his past: he used to be a martial monk in a temple. She has him deported back to China. He has visions of violence. Her boss tells her that she is being drafted by the captain for the investigation of the contortionist. Alone in the apartment where the murder was committed she meets the male stripper again, who came back to warn her of impending violence that only she can avert. The stripper can see what happened: the contortionist attacked the victim, they fought, the victim begged in vain, the contortionist kept beating his face, clearly full of hatred. He takes her to the morgue with an impossible jump from the roof of a building into a window of the morgue. By simply staring at the cadaver, the male stripper can see a scene in which the victim stabs a man in the back. He interprets the vision for her: there's a woman who is the clue to finding the Indian. In fact, the Indian man has reached the apartment of a woman, exhausted and bleeding. The female cop, Fung-yee, has to join the captain who has found his own clue. The male stripper comically tries to follow the police cars riding a motorcycle. The cops find the same woman and the captain guesses that the Indian is hiding inside a shopping bag. The captain beats the shopping bag until blood starts leaking out but then makes the mistake of staring inside: the Indian grabs his head and bites his cheek. The Indian's woman tells Fung-yee that she has known the Indian only for one day but felt like she had to help him. The Indian captures Fung-yee and is about to kill her but she is saved by the male stripper who also kills the Indian. The male stripper, who is known only as Big, is sent back to jail because he is an illegal immigrant and is deported again. Fung-yee travels to the temple of martial monks and learns that Big was devastated when a girl was murdered. He gave up being a monk and started having visions of other people's karma. Big returns illegally to Hong Kong and saves Fung-yee again, this time while she is falling from a skyscraper, and helps her arrest the acrobatic thief she was chasing. He then tells her that in the previous life she was a Japanese soldier who committed atrocities (his recurring vision whenever he stares at her) and that in this life she has to pay for those sins. He already saved her twice but won't be able to save her always. He decides to enter a bodybuilding contest and is shocked to see a completely transformed Fung-yee, dressed like a silly girl and hanging out with punks: she tells him she quit her job and wants to enjoy life. He is reassured when she confesses that it is a lie: the punks are cops, trying to catch some drug dealers. Fung-yee is now convinced of Big's visions: she is going to die young as punishment for her sins in her previous life. She then decides to die for something useful: armed with a camcorder, she ventures into the mountain near the temple to catch the bandit who killed Big's friend. After one week the police find her camcorder that has recorded what appears to be her last moments: she found the bandit but he surprised her and beheaded her. Big searches the mountain until he finds the place where her torso is buried, and then he finds the head hanging from a tree. Then again, like years earlier, full of rage, he chases the bandit who is hiding in the mountain. When he finds him, though, he realizes that the beast in front of him is... himself. The beastly man of the cave is him as he quit being a monk and roamed the mountains: he did find the killer and killed him. But he (the beastly Big) also saw karma: the friend that was killed by the bandit deserved to die, just like Fung-yee deserved to die for her sins in her previous life. the scene takes place in a cave surrounded by giant Buddha statues. Big's hatred prompts him to attack his beastly doppelganger. Big prevails and is ready to behead the beast but then he stops in front of a giant Buddha. We see Fung-yee's last moments: how she met the beastly Big, thinking he was the bandit, and how she was beheaded by the beastly Big. Big starts walking alone on the mountain. Ten years later he has become his beastly self, and he does meet the killer. But this time he hugs him instead of taking revenge. They walk back to the village and he becomes a monk again.

Yesterday Once More (2004) is a caper movie.

The psychological noir and martial-arts film Throw Down (2004) is a minor tribute to Kurosawa.

Breaking News (2004) is another triad film.

Yesterday Once More (2004) is a romantic comedy about the partnership of two skilled thieves.

The overrated Hak Sewui/ Election (2005) amounts to little more than a diligent Chinese version of the Godfather. There are lengthy detours that don't serve any purpose, such as the night chase scene and the ritual of brotherhood. The gruesome ending feels like a desperate attempt at making the film a little less predictable than it is.

There are two main criminal organizations in Hong Kong: the Sun Society, where power is transferred dynastically from father to son, and the Triad, where the new chairman is elected democratically every two years, a tradition that goes back centuries. The elders of the Triad are discussing whom to elect next, and the choice is between the ambitious Big D and the surgical and younger Lok. The elders react negatively to Big D's attempt to buy the election and instead elect Lok, who is congratulated by the main power broker, Uncle Teng. Big D rebels: his men kidnap two of the "uncles", put them into cages and roll the cages down a steep hill. He demands from outgoing chairman Whistle the baton that symbolizes the leadership of the Triad, the baton that is supposed to go to Lok. Whistle is scared of Big D, clearly a psychopath, and keeps saying that the baton is past the border, in China, unreachable. Meanwhile the police, sensing trouble, decides to arrest all the bosses, starting with Uncle Teng, and then Lok. The police arrive just in time to save Whistle from being killed by Big D. Even handcuffed, Big D still tries to launch on Whistle, who, terrified, runs away and gets hit by a car. While in prison each of the two bosses directs associates to hunt for the baton. Both camps know that the baton is kept by Whistle's driver Four-Eye in China. Big D's camp charges the young and icy Kun of killing Four-Eye. The action moves to China. Lok's camp finds where Four-Eye is being tortured, frees him and asks in vain for the baton: Four-Eye is loyal only to Whistle and will release the baton only if Whistle orders him, but Whistle is dying after the accident. Lok's men, however, find the baton just when the police is storming the building. One of them, Big Head, takes off with the baton while the other stays to confront the police captain, an old friend who used to be a gangster himself. Meanwhile, in the prison, Teng is summoned by the police chief, who tells him flatly that he will not tolerate a civil war inside the Triad. Teng offers to mediate between Big D and Lok in order to keep the peace that is convenient for both the Triad and the police. Big D, however, refuses any compromise and, instead, threatens to start his own society, something that Teng would not tolerate. The police chief tells Teng that, in case of war, he would arrest everybody. Teng calmly explains that the various societies have 350,000 members: they wouldn't in all the prisons of the city. Big Head is driving back to Hong Kong with the baton but is ambushed by Kun and tries in vain to run away through a field of tall grass. Kun proceeds to torture Big Head who refuses to surrender the baton. Meanwhile the bosses of the Triad are agreeing to fight Big D, regardless of previous allegiances, in the name of unity. Hence one calls Kun to tell him that his new mission is to rescue the baton for Lok, and one calls Big Head to tell him that Kun is his new boss. In a comic scene Kun stops beating Big Head, and a bleeding Big Head gladly surrenders the baton to him. In the middle of the night Kun, who is on his way to Hong Kong, realizes that he is beeing followed by a car. Both Kun and the chaser cross the border illegally, killing a border guard. The bosses send a motorcycle to stop the chaser. Kun hands over the baton to the motorcyclist. The motorcyclist is in turn attacked by thugs who want the baton. He is helped by another young man, the cryptic and soft-spoken Jimmy, who finally retrieves the baton after a bloody confrontation, and reluctantly hands it over to Lok. Whistle has recovered enough to asks for a deal with the police. Big D orders to kill Whistle. This all happens in jail, with the police tolerating all the negotiations between the two camps. But nobody needs to kill Whistle: he commits suicide at the hospital when he learns that his son has been run over by a truck, presumably an assassination planned by the Triad. (Confusingly, Lok takes credit for killing Whistle in a conversation with Jimmy.) The police release Big D. Lok and his men are outside waiting for him. Lok offers him a truce. Big D accepts, and they become good buddies. When a traitor offers Big D an alliance to kill Lok, Big D alerts Lok and together they defeat the traitor. The pair now rules over Hong Kong. They go fishing together. Big D brings his wife and Lok brings his son. Big D asks for Lok's support in getting elected chairman. Suddenly, Lok grabs a big rock and kills Big D. Lok keeps dropping the heavy rock on Big D's head even after the man is already dead. Big D's wife and Lok's teenage son witness the brutal murder. Lok chases Big D's wife through the woods and strangles her to death. The boy runs to the car and can hear the woman scream. Lok buries both bodies and then drives away with his son. Elsewhere, Jimmy is being groomed to become chairman some day...

Hak Se Wui Ji Wo Wai Gwai/ Black Society - Harmony is a Virtue/ Triad Election/ Election 2 (2006), the follow-up to Election, is probably a better film, focusing on the most complex character, Jimmy.

Lok, the chairman of his Hong Kong triad, gives a speech of unity. Jimmy is now a businessman who has won a contract to build a new highway in mainland China. His business partner is the older Kwok, who accepts to invest in the project. Kwok is only concerned that Jimmy's triad past does not become an obstacle. Jimmy and his wife climb a hill overlooking the project, dreaming of building their house on the top, and raising their children there. Jimmy has dinner with the other four "godsons", candidates to succeed Lok as chairman when his two-year term comes up. Jimmy is the one who made the most money, starting with a business of pirated porn videos. Kun went to prison for killing a cop and wants to run at the next election. At another dinner Jimmy meets businessman Hui, who too does business in China, and is too a member of a triad. Hui introduces Jimmy to Shi, head of the Chinese bureau of security, who warns him not to follow Lok who is out of control. She knows that an election is coming up and hints that Jimmy should run for chairman Shi warns Jimmy that his friend Soo will be arrested in two days. Jimmy tries in vain to reach Soo. Back home, Jimmy meets with "uncle" Teng, the most influential of the elders, who wants Jimmy to run for chairman. Jimmy, however, wants to become a "clean" businessman. Meanwhile, Lok meets his right-hand man Jet, who is still in hiding as the cops are looking for him. Lok wants Jet to run for chairman. Jimmy and his right-hand man Lik meet a corrupt Chinese official in a restaurant. The official has procured the permits for his highway project in record time and Jimmy has to pay the bribe. Soo walks into the same restaurant and Jimmy realizes that cops have surrounded the place to arrest Soo. Shi's cops arrest Soo and then Shi takes the opportunity to also arrest Jimmy, confiscating the bribe money. Meanwhile, Lok meets with uncle Teng and tells him that he wants to run again, a fact that goes against tradition. Uncle Teng strongly disapproves. Lok is informed that Jimmy is uncle Teng's first choice. Meanwhile, Shi explains to the jailed Jimmy that Hui is chairman of a triad and therefore he can do business in China: if Jimmy wants to do business in China, he must become chairman of his triad. Jimmy is released from jail but is forbidden to do business in mainland China until he becomes the chairman of a triad. Meanwhile, Lok is summoned by his son Denny's high-school because the boy has joined a gang and the principal threatens to expel him. Meanwhile, Jimmy's lawyer introduces Jimmy to Bo, a ferocious hitman, who becomes an essential bodyguard. While fishing by the river, Lok asks Kun to support him promising to support him next time. Kun says they have to stop Jimmy and Lok agrees, basically approving that Kun assassinates Jimmy. The uncles tell Jimmy that his right-hand man Lik is a snitch, and that's an obstacle to his election. Jimmy coldly sets up a trap and has Lik killed. Lok, Kun, Big Head and others wear masks and kidnap Jimmy's business partner Kwok. They seal him in a coffin and, to teach a lesson to Big Head, who is not respectful enough, seal Big Head in the same coffin, with just enough holes to breath. Lok tells Jimmy to give up the race and Kwok will be released, but Jimmy refuses: he also knows that, once chairman, he will be able to find funding elsewhere in China. Lok travels to a cemetery and breaks into the niche where he hid the dragon baton of chairman. Lok meets uncle Teng who repeats that he is strongly opposed to Lok running again for chairman and that Jimmy is his choice to succeed him. Unable to change his mind, Lok murders uncle Teng by pushing him down a spiral staircase. Lok then gives a gun to Jet to kill Jimmy, promising he'll make Jet the next chairman. Jimmy realizes that something is wrong while dining with his wife and asks her to run out from the backdoor. Just then someone informs Jimmy that uncle Teng is dead. Jet captures his wife and then tells him of Lok's promise. Jimmy tells Jet that Lok wants a second term and will kill Jet once Jet has killed him, Lok's main rival. Jet lets them go. Jimmy tortures psychologically and physically four of Kun's thugs until two of them accept to kill Lok. Jimmy personally cuts the body of one of the four and then feeds the meat to the guard dogs. Kun's gang traps Jimmy in an alley but Jimmy and Bo outsmart Kun's men. Bo also find the coffin with Kwok and Big Head. Jimmy's men also briefly capture Kun but Kun kills them in front of Jimmy. Abandoned by Bo during the fight, the coffin with Big Head and Kwok, still alive, is found by the police. Meanwhile Lok's son is forced to join a gang, but Lok arrives with henchmen and humiliates the punks of the gang. Denny runs away terrified and Lok has to chase him all over town. The hitmen who accepted to kill him after being tortured by Jimmy run into a breathless Lok who can't catch up with his boy. The unsuspecting Lok enters their car voluntarily and they massacre him. The "uncles" meet to elect the new chairman. Kun is missing so there is only one candidate: Jimmy. But first they want Jimmy to swear that he didn't kill Lok. Jimmy swears. Since the killers are not from Jimmy's gang, nobody can prove that he is lying. All the uncles vote for Jimmy. On the way home Jimmy sees a bleeding Jet being chased by a gang and after hesitating turns the car and rescues him. Jimmy offers Jet protection in return for his services. Jet doesn't reply and throws away Jimmy's business car. Jimmy meets Shi in mainland China who welcomes Jimmy to continue his business project of a highway. Shi will also make sure that the government approves the construction of Jimmy's dream house on the hill. Shi gives Jimmy the dragon baton that Lok hid: Shi's cops always followed Lok's moves inside China. In return Shi wants Jimmy to remain the chairman forever, and wants that his son would some day succeed him, so that the triad would become a family business. Shi wants stability, an end to infighting. Jimmy protests that he only wants to be a businessman. He wants his son to become a lawyer or a doctor, not a gangster. Shi explains that Hong Kong will become a safer place. Jimmy even punches Shi repeatedly in the face. Shi simply replies "thank you for your cooperation", implying that Jimmy has no choice. At uncle Teng's funeral, Jimmy secretly leaves the dragon baton in the coffin, to be buried with Teng. Later, Jimmy's wife announces that she is pregnant. Instead of being happy, Jimmy is anxious: his child isn't born yet and is already doomed to become a gangster.

Fong Juk/ Exiled (2006) is basically a Western movie, in fact a diligent tribute to Sam Peckinpah's The Wild Bunch, and one of his best films altogether. It is a poem to doomed loyalty. It is also a comedy, with humorous skits that cleverly add to the sense of impending tragedy. And the final message is no less ironic and satirical, as well as cynical: the only survivor and winner out of the manly mayhem is the prostitute; and the only other survivors are another woman (the widow) and two police officers, a corrupt one and a coward one. The winners are not the four gunmen who believe in eternal loyalty but selfish ordinary people. It is also a self-tribute of sorts because the four gunmen are played by the same actors as To's The Mission and in similar roles. This film also returns to the theme of gangsters who find meaning in deadly loyalty like in Zhen Xin Ying Xiong/ A Hero Never Dies (1998).

The action is set in the year before Hong Kong was returned by Britain to China. In Macau, the other old Western outpost, two gunmen are charged by their boss Fay to kill Wo, a retired gangster that now has a humble job and simply wants to have a family life with his wife and their little baby in a humble apartment. Blaze and Fat are confronted by their old friends Tai and Cat, who are opposed to killing their common friend Wo. A cowardly middle-aged cop, who is about to retire in three days, gets caught in the firestorm and calls Fay to beg for his life. But not much happens: the four gangsters shoot a lot but try to miss and in the end they make peace and eat dinner together. In fact, the four gunmen later help Wo improve the apartment and treat his wife and baby as their own family. Fay, however, is not happy that they didn't kill Wo. The five visit Jeff, the owner of a brothel that features a stunning prostitute, and Jeff tells them of two potential deals. The first one is to kill Fay's rival Keung at a dinner. The other one is to steal a gold shipment. At the dinner, however, Fay shows up just when the five have taken position around Keung's table. Fay confronts Blaze who failed to kill Wo. Fay shoots him in the chest but Blaze is saved by his bulletproof vest. Wo shoots Fay, wounding him in the groin, and this starts a massive shootout between Fay's men, Keung's men and the five gunmen. Wo is wounded. Fay and Keung strike a temporary peace and join forces in chasing the give gunmen. The five friends are still driving Wo's humble van that breaks down. They have to steal a car. Wo wants to go home but his friends take him to an illegal doctor. The doctor is in bed with the sexy prostitute but the four friends pay all their money for him to take care of Wo's wound. The prostitute sees where the doctor stores the money. The operation is interrupted by Fay's men who barge in and demand that the doctor takes care of their boss. Soon they recognize each other and another massive shootout erupts. The four friends escape without Wo, while the prostitute takes advantage of the chaos and steals the doctor's money. Fay takes hold of the wounded Wo and throws him out of the window and then starts shooting at the dying Wo to lure the four friends in the open. They eventually manage to rescue Wo but he demands to die at home. They drive him home where his wife is furious with them. When Wo dies, she grabs a gun and starts shooting at his friends (who risked their lives to try and save him). Wo's wife is desperate and briefly considers killing herself and the baby before setting fire to the apartment. The wife sets out to hunt them down and take her revenge, presumably considering them responsible for Wo's death. The car stolen by the four gunmen breaks down and they try in vain to jumpstart it. Eventually they start walking, except that they are in the middle of nowhere and it is very hot. To decide which direction to follow, they flip a coin. They rejoice when they finally hit a creek and can drink. By accident, they realize that they ended up very near the place where the convoy carrying the gold is about to transit. Again, they flip a coin to decide whether to attack the convoy or not: the coin says "no" and they content themselves with watching the convoy drive by. Suddenly gunfire erups: another much bigger gang is attacking the police officers. The gang kills the entire escort except one heroic cop who is a superhuman shooter. The four friends are watching unseen and truly root for the lonely cop, even reflecting light to the sniper hiding on the tree so that the cop can spot him. When the cop is left without munitions, the four friends come out in the open and kill all the remaining gangsters. The cop turns to them with his pathetic pistol and seems ready to die than to surrender. He explains to them that, if suspected of stealing the gold, he would be killed anyway. Blaze offers him a deal: split the gold with them. They transport the gold bullions to a port and load a yacht. Meanwhile, Wo's widow has been searching for them all over town and eventually ran into the usual prostitute who sent her to Fay. Just then Blaze gets a call from Fay: he has kidnapped Wo's widow and the baby and threatens to kill them. This time flipping the coin is pointless: Blaze decides to save Wo's family and the other three are with him. They tell the cop that they will be back by sunrise. The four friends enter the brothel where Fay is waiting for them. They know it is a trap and decide to take one last picture together in a fast photo booth. Wo's wife still believes that Blaze is responsible for Wo's death and shoots him in the chest. Again, the bulletproof vest saves him, and then Wo's wife cannot find the strength to shoot him in the head. Tai offers Fay the gold in return for their release (and shows him a bag full of bullions) and the release of Wo's family. Fay accepts except that he still wants to kill Blaze for disobeying him. Blaze would agree but his friends decide to stay after telling Wo's widow to drive to the port and take off with the cop (and the gold). The four friends start shooting at Fay's men and they all get killed, but also kill Fay. In fact, the only survivor is the usual prostitute, who grabs the bag of gold and leaves the brothel.

The psychological thriller Mad Detective (2007), co-directed with Wai Ka-Fai, is both a long hallucination and a mathematical puzzle. The hallucination is due to the man who can see other people's personalities. The puzzle is due to some guns that get switched and that future generations will use to reconstruct the final scene: the lone survivor needs to arrange the guns in a way that will tell his version of the facts, not the truth that would get him fired. Visually this is also one of To's most experimental films, especially during the scenes in the maze of mirror where everything is multiplied, distorted and fragmented, reflecting the mental illness of the two enemies. One is endowed with supernatural powers but those supernatural powers also fool himself about his wife's presence. The other one is a Hitchcock-ian or Brian DePalma-esque case of psychiatric disorder.

Bun is the "mad detective", a detective who can solve unsolvable cases because he has visions of what happened. One day he cuts his ear to give it as a gift to his boss. He gets fired from the police. One day two police officers are waiting patiently in a car. One of the two, Wong, realizes that the other one is responsible for small thefts carried out at the station. Just then they spot the Indian thief they were waiting for. They chase him and there's a moment when a cop and the thief face each other but don't shoot. Eighteen months later Ho is the cop investigating the mysterious disappearance of Wong, who never returned from that night. The other one, Chi-wai, claims that Wong was killed by the Indian thief. Meanwhile someone has been committing robberies and murders using Wong's gun. Ho visits Bun and asks him for help. Bun's wife makes a scene because she thinks that he will get killed on this case, and since he has been fired he has no reason to get involved. Bu slaps her and leaves with Ho. Bun can see a person's multiple personalities. He follows Chi-wai in the street and see him split into seven people, including a woman who is the brain and a fat old man who is the wisdom. Then he spies him at a restaurant where we hear the woman speak to the fat old man and Chi repeat the same words. Bun follows Chi-wai to the men's rooms and pees on his pants: first he is peeing on the pants of the fat old man, who doesn't react, and then the fat old man mutates into the woman, who attacks him and smashes his forehead into a mirror. Chi-wai pulls out the gun and is about to kill Bun, but the seven personalities grab him and pull him back, as ordered by the woman personality. And then Ho enters the men's rooms and points his gun at Chi-wai: Chi-wai puts his gun back into his pants and says that he's tired of this endless investigation. Ho, who can only see Chi-wai and not the seven personalities, is incredulous. Bun tells him that he, Ho, has only one personality, that of a young shy boy. Bun, who now wears a bandage around his head, knows exactly what happened and drives frantically to the sites of the two robberies: he enters the places brandishing a non-existing gun (his hand) and pretending to shoot people, and we see the flashbacks of what happened (the robberies happened exactly like he is guessing except that the robber and murderer was masked). Bun and Ho have dinner at a restaurant. Ho invites his girlfriend Gigi and Bun calls his wife to join them... except that he doesn't have a cell phone and is only simulating the phone call with his hand... and except that she never comes: nobody sits in the chair with them, but he talks to her and orders food for her. The restaurant owner tells Ho that this has been going on for a while: Bun shows up alone but pretending that his wife is with him. He is clearly crazy. Now we realize that Bun's wife was not in the apartment when Ho visited him and Bun's imagination constructed the altercation. Ho still has faith in Bun's superhuman skills for solving cases so he takes Bun in the woods when Wong disappeared. Bun tells Ho that the way to find the corpse is to bury yourself in a grave, so they dig a grave and then Ho lies in it. It is a trick: Bun steals Ho's gun and badge and, after meeting the vision of Chi-wai searching for his gun, starts his own investigation. When Ho gets out of his grave and realizes that Bun has stolen his gun, he heads for Bun's apartment and breaks in. He is arrested by Bun's his ex-wife, who really exists and is a policewoman, and who is in the apartment waiting for Bun, but Ho explains that he is a police officer. She left Bun when he went crazy. She is there because has been informed that Bun has not seen the psychiatrist in a while and that he is not taking his medications. Meanwhile Bun, pretending to be Ho, searches Chi-wai's office and cabinets. He finds files on the Indian thief, money and other objects that seem to confirm his theory. Then Bun buries himself in the forest and sees what happened 18 months earlier. Chi-wai (in his fat old man personality) lost his gun, the Indian thief stole it, Chi-wai killed Wong and stole his gun. When he faced the Indian thief, Chi-wai didn't kill him because he was using Wong's gun. In his mind (in his cynical woman's personality) Chi-wai figured that he had to make it believe that the Indian killed Wong, in which case Wong could not have killed the Indian. Now Chi-wai's woman personality calls the police and informs them of the Indian's whereabouts after staging the scene: when Ho arrives in the apartment, he finds the masks used by the murders in the robberies and other items incriminating the Indian. Ho also finds Wong's badge on the floor. His own gun has been stolen by Bun so he borrows a gun from a female friend, Gigi. Bun warns Ho that Chi-wai will kill the Indian. But Ho has trouble believing Bun anymore because Bun's hallucinations are getting worse: Ho is scared of Bun, especially since Bun has stolen his gun. At one point Bun's ex-wife walks into the car and Bun sees the fake wife sitting in the back while the real one is sitting in the front. Nonetheless his ex-wife (the real one) asks him for help to solve an unsolved case. She knows that Bun follows all cases simply by reading about them in newspapers that are pasted all over the house. Bun immediately tells her that the nephew did it. Ho too trusts Bun's theory. Ho walks into Chi-wai's office as himself: the people there have seen Bun as Ho, so there is a bit of confusion. Ho arrests Chi-wai based on Bun's theory that Chi-wai is using Wong's gun: what Bun doesn't know is that Chi-wai changed his gun's serial number in the computer, so the computer now shows that Wong's gun is Chi-wai's gun. Ho is confused: Bun's theory has collapsed. Chi-wai invites Ho to accompany him to arrest the Indian. Bun desperately tries to warn Ho that Chi-wai intends to kill both the Indian and Ho himself. Ho still follows Chi-wai and helps him arrest the Indian. Bun follows them and sees eight people: the seven personalities of Chi-wai and the young boy of Ho's personality. They move in a maze of mirrors, that further amplifies the effect of multiple personalities. Bun arrives in time to stop the killings: Bun points his gun at Chi-wai who points his gun to the Indian, and Ho points his gun at Bun to stop him from killing Chi-wai. For a few seconds they are all paralyzed. Bun is holding Ho's gun, Ho is holding Gigi's gun, the Indian is holding Chi-wai's gun, and Chi-wai is holding Wong's gun. Then Chi-wai shoots the Indian and Ho shoots Bun to protect Chi-wai. Chi-wai pretends to arrest the Indian but instead finishes him off, then he turns and shoots Ho, just like Bun had anticipated. The shootout breaks the mirrors. Bun is still alive and walks straight towards Chi-wai. A voice inside him tells him that, if he kills Chi-wai, Bun will become just one of these heartless murders, but another voice concludes that Bun is human like all the others, so he pulls the trigger and kills Chi-wai. Then he dies. Now Ho, the lone survivor, has to rearrange the guns so that the investigation will confirm whichever story he decides to concoct.

Linger (2008)

Man Jeuk/ Sparrow (2007) was an odd tribute to Jacques Demy's The Umbrellas of Cherbourg.

The English-language film Fuchou/ Vengeance (2009), written by Ka-fai Wai, is about a French chef who becomes a ferocious killer.

Dyut Mind Gam/ Life Without Principle (2011) is another crime drama but this time set within the greedy financial world.

Daan San Naam Neoi/ Don't Go Breaking My Heart (2011) and Don't Go Breaking My Heart 2 (2014) are romantic comedies co-directed again with Wai.

Gao HAi Ba Zhi Lian II/ High-altitude Romance II/ Romancing in Thin Air (2012) is a romantic drama.

Du Zhan/ Drug War (2012), written by Nai-Hoi Yau and others, may appear to be yet another brutal action movies, but it is also a metaphysical parable of evil. Just like To's models for this film, namely Sam Peckinpah's The Wild Bunch and Jean-Pierre Melville's Un Flic, harbor a deeper meaning than the relatively simplistic plot, so Drug War has a subplot of an extremely clever satan who is willing to sacrifice and betray everybody, from his wife to his loyal servants, a mind who can continuously process logical steps to maximizes his own chances of surviving. At the beginning we feel that the police captain is the protagonist. He is the character that gets developed more fully, and who gets the heroic treatment; but then the real protagonist emerges and it is the ultimate anti-hero, a coward who cares absolutely zero about the rest of the world. A side-story has to do with the way that technology helps watch undercover operations as if they were television shows: we see most of the first part twice, because many of the scenes are broadcast to surveillance systems and shown in black and white inside the small screens of the computers.

A man, Timmy Choi, is driving erratically on a wide road and eventually loses control and crashes into a restaurant while throwing up white foam. Meanwhile two men, who look like they are high on drugs, are driving a green truck through a highway toll, followed by a red car. Meanwhile, a bus arrives at the same highway toll. One of the man inside senses that something is wrong. He is right: his partner is an undercover police captain, Zhang Lei, the girl at the tool booth is his trusted and attractive young assistant Xiaobei, and the whole area is surrounded by police officers that arrest all the passengers of the bus. They are all carrying drugs inside their body. They are taken to a hospital where they are forced to defecate the packets of drugs. Timmy ends up, unconscious, in the same hospital and Zhang easily recognizes that he is another drug dealer. Zhang inspects Timmy's car and finds the cell phone that was ringing when he crashed. Zhang calls the number that was calling Timmy: it rings inside the green truck, that is still being followed by a red car. Timmy escapes at the hospital but Zhang catches him hiding in the morgue. Zhang sends his own men to replace the cops in the red car that have been following the green truck from very far away. Zhang finds three dead bodies in a warehouse turned into a laboratory for making drugs: the factory had exploded and only Timmy had survived. They are Timmy's wife and her two brothers. Zhang interrogates Timmy, who admits that the green truck is carrying raw material for him. He has to make drugs for a kingpin, Bill Lee, whom Zhang has been wanting to arrest for a long time. Timmy knows that he will get the death penalty unless he collaborates: he offers to help Zhang frame Bill Lee. First Timmy takes Zhang to an appointment with a comical character nicknamed "Ha Ha" because he is always laughing loud. Ha Ha wants to meet Bill Lee and Zhang pretends to be working for the boss. Everything that Ha Ha says, during a lavish dinner, about their business is broadcasted live to the police station by Zhang's cigarette holder that contains a camera. The high-tech crew at the police station is directed by Zhang's assistant Xiaobei. Next, Timmy organizes the meeting with Bill Lee's trusted nephew, who is permanently under the influence of heavy drugs. Zhang plays Ha Ha and his assistant Xiaobei plays his wife while their police team watches the meeting remotely broadcasted by a tiny camera. Bill's trusted nephew submits Zhang to an orgy of heavy drugs to test his credibility. Zhang has no choice but to accept. After Bill's trusted nephew leaves, convinced that he can do business with the man he believes to be Ha Ha, Zhang is seized by epileptic fits. Timmy shouts that they have to make him vomit and tells the cops what to do to save Zhang's life. It works. So far Timmy has fully cooperated and never tried to escape. In the middle of the night the green truck crashes in a remote location. The cops that were following the truck call Zhang. The two dudes of the truck are acting more funny than ever, obviously stoned senseless. Zhang, Timmy and Zhang's cute assistant Xiaobei take the bullet train and then meet local police. They get to the place where the truck is. Timmy cooperates behaving realistically with his two men. At one point he has one of their guns in his hands but throws it away instead of trying to escape. Timmy drives the truck full of raw material to his other factory. He is welcomed by his workers: a group of loyal deaf-mutes who are happy to see him as if he was a family member. It turns out that Timmy is fluent in sign language. As instructed by Zhang, Timmy places cameras and microphones around the building. During dinner with the deaf-mutes, Timmy cries and says (or, better, gestures) that he is crying because his wife died (but maybe he is crying because he is betraying such loyal buddies). The deaf-mute decided to pay tribute to the dead wife by burning a huge amount of money in front of Timmy. Zhang is ready to order the attack: cops storm the yacht where the real Ha Ha is delivering drugs to Timmy; and other corps storm Timmy's factory, despite the ferocious resistance of the deaf-mutes, who manage to escape and to blow up the building killing many of Zhang's cops. Zhang is furious at Timmy for not having told them about the secret passage (did Timmy try to save his loyal deaf-mutes?) Zhang is about to ship him back to headquarters when Timmy begs him to continue the operation. Timmy reveals that Bill Lee is just a front for the real kingpins. Impersonating Ha Ha, Zhang meets Bill Lee in person. It turns out that Bill Lee is simply taking orders on a earpiece from the seven real bosses who are walking around the port and checking everything that is going on. The seven bosses don't want to reveal their faces but Zhang/Ha Ha manages a trick to make them come out. Later the bosses decide to execute Bill and his nephew, who failed to protect their identities. Now Zhang and his high-tech crew can target the real bosses directly. The green truck is still driving around, loaded with precious merchandise, The two deaf-mutes on the loose comunicate only via a code transmitted by cell phone, but now they don't trust the messages they receive. Timmy, who has been instructed to lead the bosses in the trap, suddenly switches sides, removing the microphones from his clothes and telling the bosses that they are surrounded by cops. The cops grab the guns and a chaotic shootout erupts in front of a school. Timmy hides inside a school bus. He sees Xiaobei lying on the road wounded after being run over by a car, and drives by to finish her with a bullet. Police and mobsters reach an impasse. Timmy drives the school bus where the mobsters are and opens the door. The elderly bosses run towards the bus. Timmy shuts the door and drives away, leaving them an easy target for the cops. Having helped the police capture the bosses, he flees. By accident he crashes into the car driven by the deafmutes. Knowing that he betrayed them, they pull out the guns. Zhang, chasing the school bus, gets there to witness the shootout between Timmy and the deafmutes. Timmy is caught between the deafmutes, who are determined to kill him, and the cops, who are waiting to see who wins. Timmy raises his hands and surrenders to the cops. Zhang aims at him and would probably want to execute him right there but he can't. Zhang handcuffs Timmy to the car and then helps the other cops corner the deafmutes. The deafmutes, however, put up an heroic struggle and manage to wound or kill all the cops, although they get fatally wounded too. Meanwhile, Timmy manages to free himself. He walks coldly towards the bodies lying on the asphalt, grabs a gun and finishes them one by one. Before he can escape, however, Zhang, with his last breath, handcuffs Timmy's ankle to his own arm. Timmy tries in vain to free himself from Zhang's dying body. Timmy has to drag the dead body on the asphalt while trying to escape. Lots of cops arrive at the scene and arrest him. Timmy is the only survivor of the whole story, but at the trial he is found guilty by the judge and promptly executed. While they strap him to the apparatus that will kill him, Timmy begs for another chance to cooperate, but the only person listening to his new confession is the guard who witnesses his death.

Mang Taam/ Blind Detective (2013)

Waa Lai Seong Baan Zeok/ Office (2015), an adaptation of Sylvia Chang's play "Design for Living" (2008), borrows overtones of the operetta and the farce to concoct a bitter satire of the financial world.

Passengers on a subway train can't resist reading the book "How to become the richest man" that one passenger is reading. A young man, Xiang Lee, rushes to his new workplace, the high-rise building of the corporation Jones & Sunn, but has to wait in a long line for an elevator. A security guard helps a young woman to the front of the line and he thinks he can take the same elevator but the security guard stops him: that elevator only goes straight to the 71st floor. Xiang meets the same young woman while waiting for the orientation, hence they are both newly hired, and asks her why she's entitled to take the executive elevator. Kat introduces herself but doesn't have time to reply because two senior employees take them for a tour of the floor and explain to them what each executive likes to drink, which Xiang memorizes on the fly. Meanwhile, a group of financial officers is escorted to a meeting with the female CEO, Winnie Chang, and the male chairman, Chung-ping Ho. Ho, who is married, and Chang are lovers and she used to be his secretary. Ho's wife is from a rich family. The company has grown rapidly and now is negotiating its IPO. Xiang and Kat are given a first assignment: the chairman's right-arm man, David, tells them to write a business letter. Xiang frantically takes notes but Kat creates the letter on the fly. She then reveals she graduated from Harvard. David doesn't remember seeing her resume and asks her whether she was recommended by a top executive. They are interrupted before she can answer but we see that she was advised by the chairman in person. And later we see her visiting her mother at the hospital: the mother is in a coma and Kat believes that she is mad at her father. Sophie is a manager who has a fiance somewhere but has been chasing David. Her fiance, who doesn't live in the city, is dumping her because she doesn't want to quit the job and leave the city to marry him. David, in turn, flirts with CEO Chang. Everybody knows that Sophie is in love with David. David drives Sophie home in the middle of a violent storm. Xiang takes an opportunity to chat with CEO Chang and impresses her with his determination to succeed. The following day David informs Chang that a potential partner company from the USA will visit and she asks that Xiang and Kat be invited to the dinner. She tells David that the enthusiastic dreamer Chang reminds her of him when he was younger. Chang scolds Kat for calling her "auntie", for wearing expensive shoes and for driving to work in a limo instead of taking the subway like most employees: Kat is supposed to be there incognito. At the business dinner David presides (Chang and Ho don't attend) while in another room of the same restaurant Ho and Chang discuss the IPO, concerned about the financial collapse that just took place in the USA (a reference to the 2007 financial crisis). After the dinner Xiao sees that Kat is driven away by a limo while he is running to the subway train, and that's after seeing her take the executive elevator. After the dinner David is drunk. He stops to get a coffee at a store and meets Sophie who tells him not to drink and drive. She offers him her couch for the night. Xiang confronts Kat about her true identity. Kat lies that her father is a limo driver and the security guard at the elevator a friend of her father. Xiang has fallen in love with her and believe anything she says. Chang gives Xiang a special assignment (to tour some factories of lingerie) and asks him to keep a secret. Based on Xiang's report, Chang then offers a deal to the US company: to make lingerie. Sensing that Chang has a preference for the young Xiang, David becomes jealous of Xiang. Chang doesn't tell chairman Ho: she's scheming behind his back. Ho learns of the proposal from Xiang himself, who doesn't know that Ho is unaware of Chang's plot. Asian stocks plummet causing turmoil at the firm, particularly for David who has been trying to outsmart Chang. Suddenly, Kat's mom comes out of the coma but falls into another coma right away. Kat confronts her father, chairman Ho, about his extramarital relationship with Chang and warns him that she's plotting with David behind his back, but her father calmly replies that he doesn't care. Alone in the office, Sophie breaks up with her fiance during a painful phone conversation. Ho sees his daughter Kat argue with Xiang when he shows up late for a date: Kat complains that he has changed since he got the secret assignment from Chang to visit lingerie factories. David is happy to hear that Sophie broke up with her boyfriend and tells her that she's the woman of his life. Then he asks her to alter the accounting records for him, which is illegal. She realizes that he's taking advantage of her but she is lonely and depressed and eventually surrenders. Then David disappears. The bank keeps calling his office about some money that David owes. A desperate David calls Sophie asking her to steal money from the firm, which of course Sophie refuses to do. David calls again and this time Chang intercepts the call and hears David asking Sophie to meet on the rooftop. Chang meets David on the rooftop. At first he tries to kill her, then she begs for her help and kisses her passionately. Sophie arrives in time to see the whole scene and walks away disgusted. Chang slaps David in the face and David leaves. At a formal reception, Ho announces that he has called off the IPO, officially because of the financial crisis, and that some employees have been fired for financial irregularities (Sophie and David) and that the US partner will launch a lingerie line targeting mainland China. He publicly credits Xiang for the idea. And announces that his daughter Kat has been appointed to lead the company in mainland China. Chang knows that now she has to resign. Xiang is angry that Kat lied to him about being the daughter of a limo driver, but Kat kisses him: she has fallen in love with the innocent, honest and hard-working dreamer. Ho visits his wife at the hospital and tells her that she won while Chang is leaving the office for the last time.

Saam Jan Hang/ Three (2016)

Ngoh Dik Kyuhn Wohng Naahm Yauh/ Chasing Dream (2019)

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