The Ukrainian filmmaker Viktor Turin (Russia, 1895) graduated from MIT in Boston and worked in Hollywood for five years as an actor and screenwriter, before
returning to Ukraine and launching his career with
Borotba Veletniv/ The Struggle of the Giants (1926),
written by the novelist Solomon Lazurin,
Provokator/ Yoho Karyera/ Agent Provocateur (1928), starring actress Anna Sten.
His most significant film is the documentary Turksib (1929), about the construction of the Turkestan-Siberia railway, which he scripted with Viktor Shklovsky and others.