Larry Young (1940) had begun to play the electric organ in the soul-jazz manner pioneered by Jimmy Smith with jams such as the ten-minute Testifying, off Testifying (august 1960), and the 14-minute Gettin' Into It, off Groove Street (february 1962), but soon switched to a modal style on Into Somethin' (november 1964), by a quartet with tenor saxophonist Sam Rivers, guitarist Grant Green and drummer Elvin Jones, progressing via the inferior Unity (november 1965), with saxophonist Joe Henderson, trumpeter Woody Shaw, and drummer Elvin Jones, towards the trio with guitarist Grant Green and drummer Elvin Jones that represented the mature stage of his post-soul phase.
After Of Love and Peace (july 1966) and Contrasts (september 1967), Young began another turnabout, this time towards fusion jazz on Heaven On Earth (february 1968) with a quintet featuring alto saxophonist Byard Lancaster and guitarist George Benson. After playing on Miles Davis's Bitches Brew (1969), Young was hired by Tony Williams for his Lifetime trio and turned to funk-jazz-rock fusion in earnest. Mother Ship (february 1969), unreleased till 1980, and Lawrence of Newark (1973), the first albums entirely composed by him, included elements of all his phases.
Larry Young died in 1978.
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