White composer Joe Maneri (1927), a member of the classical
avantgarde who had composed microtonal music in his youth,
released his first jazz album at the age of 68.
Kalavinka (january 1989), for tenor and clarinet (Maneri himself), violin (his son Mat) and percussion introduced the notion of "free" improvisation that was relaxed (instead of incendiary or overly intellectual) and tonal (instead of wildly dissonant).
Adding bassist Cecil McBee to form a quartet, Maneri indulged in the
three lengthy improvisations of Dahabenzapple (may 1993).
Similar quartets recorded
Coming Down the Mountain (october 1993),
Get Ready To Receive Yourself (1995),
Let The Horse Go (june 1995) and
In Full Cry (june 1996),
always in the same subdued and introverted microtonal style,
Three Men Walking (november 1995) was by a trio of reeds, violin and guitarist Joe Morris,
an idea continued on Out Right Now (2001),
and Blessed (october 1997) was a duet with his violinist son Mat Maneri.
Tales of Rohnlief (1998) and Angels Of Repose (may 2002)
were trios with the Maneris and bassist Barre Phillips.
The Maneris' experiments with free jazz and microtonal music culminated with Going To Church (june 2000), featuring trumpeter Roy Campbell, pianist Matthew Shipp, bassist Barre Phillips and drummer Randy Peterson (notably the 31-minute Blood And Body).
Joe Maneri died in september 2009.