St Louis-based trumpeter Clark Terry, who had played with Count Basie (1948-51) and Duke Ellington (1951-59), revealed his joyful personality with the hard-bop romp of Clark Terry (january 1955), featuring drummer Art Blakey, pianist Horace Silver and cellist Oscar Pettiford among others.
He matured as a composer on Serenade to a Bus Seat (april 1957), in a quintet with tenor saxophonist Johnny Griffin, pianist Wynton Kelly, bassist Paul Chambers and drummer Philly Joe Jones.
He then shifted to the flugelhorn and crafted In Orbit (may 1958), in a quartet with pianist Thelonious Monk, bassist Sam Jones and drummer Philly Joe Jones.
Eccentric combinations such as
Top and Bottom Brass (february 1959), in a quintet with tuba and piano,
led to his most sophisticated album,
Color Changes (november 1960), for an octet with tenor saxophone, assorted reeds (Yusef Lateef), piano (Tommy Flanagan), trombone, French horn, bass and drums.