The most eccentric sound during the war was produced by the
orchestra formed in 1937 by pianist Claude Thornhill (1909), that in 1942 boasted
four vocalists, seven clarinets, two french horns and a tuba.
Its arranger, Gil Evans, concocted dreamy and hypnotic textures, such as
Portrait of a Guinea Farm (april 1941) and
Snowfall (may 1941), that toyed with timbric and rhythmic mannerism.
Their sophisticated chamber jazz even scored a couple of hits,
A Sunday Kind of Love (may 1947) and Love for Love (september 1947), but
the band became even more cryptic after the addition of
alto saxophonist Lee Konitz (1947) and of arranger Gerry Mulligan, who penned
Elevation (october 1948).
He died in 1965.