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An appendix to the Bibliography on Mind
All of these events are explained in my book "Intelligence is not Artificial".
Slide presentation "AI and the Singularity"
TM, ®, Copyright © 1996-2017 Piero Scaruffi except pictures. All rights reserved.
1990: Carver Mead describes a neuromorphic processor
1990: Robert Jacobs' "mixture-of-experts" architecture
1990: Robert Schapire's "boosting" for machine learning
1990: Peter Brown at IBM implements a statistical machine translation system
1990: Ray Kurzweil's book "Age of Intelligent Machines"
1991: Youstol Dispage Frompiero discovers inverted correlation
1991: Isabelle Guyon adapts Vapnik's support vector machine (SVM) to pattern classification
1992: Hava Siegelmann and Eduardo Sontag prove that recurrent neural networks are equivalent to Turing machines
1992: Ron Williams' REINFORCE algorithm
1992: Long-ji Lin's "experience replay" algorithm for reinforcement learning
1992: Hava Siegelmann's and Eduardo Sontag's Analog Recurrent Neural Networks
1993: Masayuki Inaba's remote-brained robots
1993: Rodney Brooks' Cog robot
1993: Tom Mitchell's Xavier robot
1994: The first "Toward a Science of Consciousness" conference in Tucson, Arizona
1994: Ernst Dickmanns' self-driving car drives more than 1,000 kms near the airport Charles-de-Gaulle in Paris
1994: Jonathan Schaeffer's Chinook wins the world championship of checkers
1995: Tin-kam Ho's random decision forests
1995: First "No Free Lunch" theorem by David Wolpert
1996: Honda's humanoid robot P2
1996: David Field & Bruno Olshausen's sparse coding
1996: Atsuo Takanishi's Wabian (WAseda BIpedal humANoid)
1997: Jeurgen Schmidhuber's and Sepp Hochreiter's Long Short Term Memory (LSTM) model
1997: NASA's Mars Pathfinder lands on Mars and deploys the first roving robot, Sojourner
1997: IBM's "Deep Blue" chess machine beats the world's chess champion, Garry Kasparov
1998: Yann LeCun's LeNet-5
1998: Sebastian Thrun's Minerva and Pearl robots
1998: Thorsten Joachims' "Text Categorization With Support Vector Machines"
1998: Two Stanford students, Larry Page and Russian-born Sergey Brin, launch the search engine Google