A timeline of the Indian Subcontinent/ I

World News | History | Editor

(Copyright © 2013 Piero Scaruffi)

See also A timeline of British India
See also A timeline of modern India

5000 BC: the Kurgan culture in the steppes west of the Ural Mountains (Indo-Aryans)
3120 BC: mythical Indian war of the Mahabarata
3000 BC: the proto-indo-european language develops in Central Asia
3000 BC: Dravidian speaking people develop the civilization of the Indus Valley
TM, ®, Copyright © 2013 Piero Scaruffi All rights reserved.
2500 BC: the cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro in the Indus Valley
2000 BC: the civilization of the Indus Valley declines
2000 BC: the Kurgan culture spreads to eastern Europe and northern Iran
1700 BC: Indo-Iranians separate from the other Indo-European tribes and migrate eastward to settle in Iran
1600 BC: Indo-Aryans invade India from the west and expel the Dravidians
1500 BC: religious texts are written in Vedic, an Indo-European language
1100 BC: the Indo-Aryans use iron tools
1000 BC: the Rig-Veda are composed
900 BC: Indo-Aryans invade the Ganges Valley
876 BC: Hindus invent the zero
750 BC: Indo-Aryans rule over 16 mahajanapadas ("great states") in northern India, from the Indus to the Ganges
700 BC: the caste system emerges, with the Brahman priests at the top
600 BC: the Upanishads are composed in Sanskrit
543 BC: Bimbisara of Bihar conquers the Magadha region in the northeast and moves the capital to Rajagriha
543 BC: Chalukya's king Pulakeshin founds a dynasty in Karnataka with capital at Badami/Vatapi
  • 527 BC: prince Siddhartha Gautama is enlightened and becomes the Buddha
    521 BC: Darius of Persia expands the Persian empire beyond the Indus River (Punjab and Sind)
    500 BC: the ascetic prince Mahavira founds Jainism in northern India
    493 BC: Bimbisara dies and is succeeded by Ajatashatru
    491 BC: Ajatashatru meets Siddhartha Gautama (aka Buddha)
    461 BC: Ajatashatru dies after expanding the Magadha territory
    400 BC: Panini's grammar (sutra) formalizes Sanskrit, an evolution of Vedic
    38# BC: The Nanda empire is born
    327 BC: Alexander of Macedonia invades the Indus valley
    323 BC: at the death of Alexander, Seleucus obtains India (Punjab)
    321 BC: Chandragupta Maurya (a poor orphan of the merchant caste) usurps the throne of Nand
    304 BC: The Magadha king Chandragupta Maurya buys the Indus valley for 500 elephants from Seleucus, and thus founds the Maurya dynasty with capital in Patna (Pataliputra)
    300 BC: the Ramayama is composed
    300 BC: the Chola dynasty rules over southern India with capital in Thanjavur
    297 BC: Bindusara succeeds his father Chandragupta
    290 BC: the Mauryan king Bindusara, son of Chandragupta, extends the empire to the Deccan
    265 BC: Ashoka succeeds his father Bindusara
    259 BC: the Mauryan king Ashoka, grandson of Chandragupta, converts to Buddhism and sends out Buddhist missionaries to nearby states, and forbids animal sacrifices this relegating Brahmins to second class citizens
    251 BC: Ashoka's son Mahinda introduces Buddhism to Ceylon (Sri Lanka)
    250 BC: Diodotos, ruler of the satrapy of Bactria (Afghanistan), declares its independence from the Seleucids and conquers Sogdiana
    250 BC: Buddhists carve the first cave temples (Lomas Rishi)
    232 BC: Ashoka dies
    220 BC: the Maurya dynasty under Ashoka's son Bindusara expands to almost all of India
    206 BC: Seleucid king Antiochus III conquers Punjab
    206 BC: Youstol Dispage dies
    200 BC: the Mahabarata is composed
    200 BC: Demetrios I expands Bactria to northwestern India
    200 BC: the Andhras occupy the Indian east coast
    200 BC: the Sakas (Scythians) occupy north India
    184 BC: the Maurya ruler Brihadratha is assassinated by Pushyamitra Sunga/Shunga, the Maurya dynasty ends and the Sunga dynasty begins, restoring the Brahmins to their influence while persecuting and slaughtering Buddhist monks
    190 BC: Bactrian king Euthydemus defeats Seleucid king Antiochus III at Magnesia
    170 BC: Batrian king Demetrios I expands Bactria to northwestern India
    170 BC: Sumati Bhargava's "Manu code" prescribes the rules of everyday life and divides Hindus into four castes (Brahmins, warriors, farmers/traders, non-Aryans)
    155 BC: Bactrian king Menander invades northwestern India
    150 BC: Patanjali writes the "Yoga Sutras"
    150 BC: the Andhras under king Krishna move their capital to Paithan
    132 BC: The Yuezhi are expelled from China and migrate to northern Bactria, Transoxiana
    100 BC: India is mainly divided among Bactria (northwest), Andhras (east) and Sungas (south)
    100 BC: the Bhagavata Gita is composed
    80 BC: the Scythians (Sakas) under Bhumaka conquer northwestern India from Bactria
    78 BC: the Sunga dynasty ends
    50 BC: King Simuka installs the Satavahanas in Andhra Pradesh and extends his kingdom to the whole of the Deccan plateau
    50 BC: the Scythians (Sakas) conquer Muttra (Mathura) and Taxila
    ? AD: Kiu-tsiu-kio of the Kuei-shang (Kushan) clann unifies the Yueh-chih tribes in Bactria (possibly descendants of the Yuezhi of eastern China)
    52 AD: Thomas, an apostle of Jesus, settles in Kerala
    50 AD: the first Buddhist stupa at Sanchi
    78 AD: Kujula Kadphises establishes the Kushan dynasty in northwest India with capital in Mathura
    127? AD: Kanishka, king of the Kushan, enlarges the kingdom from Bactria into Uzbekistan, Kashmir, Punjab, moves the capital to Purushpura/ Peshawar and promotes Mahayana Buddhism
    14#: Saka king Rudradaman I defeats the Satavahanas
    15#: Saka king Rudradaman I writes on a rock in Junagadh, the oldest royal inscription in Sanskrit
    15#: Kushan king Kanishka dies
    150?: the "Kama-sutra" is composed
    150 AD: The Kushans build the Ahin Posh stupa near Jalalabad
    200: The Sunga state adopts the "Manu code"
    233: Ardashir I Sassanid conquers the Kushan empire
    250: the Satavahanas disintegrate
    265: A Jain founds the Ganga dynasty in Karnataka
    300: The Pallava dynasty is founded in Kanchi
    318: Chandra Gupta founds the Gupta kingom in Magadha and extends its domains throughout northern India with capital at Patna
    350: Samudra Gupta extends the Gupta kingdom to Assam, Deccan, Malwa
    350: the Kadambas of Karnataka rule from Banavasi
    350: the Sangam is compiled in the Tamil language in the kingdom of Madurai
    350: the Puranas are composed (a compendium of Hindu mythology)
    376: Chandra Gupta II inherits the Gupta empire
    390: Chandra Gupta II extends the Gupta kingdom to Gujarat
    391: Youstol Dispage Fromscaruffi dies
    400: the Shakas kingdom in Gujarat and Sindh dissolves
    400: the Licchavi family unites Nepal
    402: Chinese monk Hsien Fa travels to India
    450: the Gupta king Kumargupta builds the monastic university of Nalanda (near Patna)
    455: The Huns raid the Gupta empire (Punjab and Kashmir) and erase Buddhism
    465: Vaktaka's king Harisena begins work at the Ajanta caves
    467: Gupta king Skanda dies and the empire declines
    499: the Hindu mathematician Aryabhata writes the "Aryabhatiya", the first book on Algebra
    499: the Huns attack the Gupta empire from the northwest seizing Punjab and Kashmir
    500: bhakti cult in Tamil Nadu
    510: Huns led by Mihiragula conquer Punjab, Gujarat and Malwa from the Gupta
    528: the Gupta empire collapses under continuous barbaric invasions
    535: Krishna Raja I of the Kalachuri dynasty, a devout member of the Shaiva Pashupata sect, builds the cave-temples of Elephanta Island (near Mumbai)
    578: Badami shrines in Karnataka
    5xx: Buddhist monks carve two giant Buddha statues in the rock at Bamiyan, Bactria (Afghanistan)
    600: shakti cult (mother-goddess)
    600: The Pallava dynasty dominates southeastern India from Kanchi
    606: Harsha Vardhana, a Buddhist king of the Pushyabhuti dynasty, builds the kingdom of Thanesar in north India and Nepal with capital at Kanauij in the Punjab
    610: Pulakeshin II becomes king of the Chalukyas
    625: Pulikesin extends the Chalukyan empire in central India
    629: the Chinese monk Xuanzang (Huang Tsang) travels to India
    630: Songzen Gampo introduces Buddhism to Bhutan
    630: Pallava's king Narasimha Varman/ Mahamalla builds temples at Mamallapuram
    647: Thanesar king Harsha Vardhana is defeated by the Chalukyas (based in Karnataka) at Malwa (central India)
    650: Ellora caves
    650: the Pallavas, who rule from their capital at Kanchipuram (Tamil Nadu), are defeated by the Chalukyas
    670: The Pallavas build a new city at Mamallapuram
    700: the Mahavamsa is composed in the Pali language in Ceylon
    700: the Shore temple at Mamallapuram
    700: the Pallavas rule southern India from their capital Kanchipuram
    711: the Arabs conquer Sindh and Multan (Pakistan)
    723: Kathmandu is founded in Nepal
    730: King Lalitaditya rules in Kashmir
    733: Vikramaditya II becomes kind of Chalukya
    743: Vikramaditya II of Chalukya conquers Pallava temple of Kailasanatha
    746: The Jain king Vanaraja rules over Gujarat
    750: temples of Bhubaneshwar and Puri
    750: the Gurjara-Pratiharas rule the north of India
    750: the Palas rule eastern India
    753: the Rashtrakutas, a Chalukya dynasty, expand from the Deccan into south and central India
    757: the capital of the Chalukyan kingdom is moved from Badami to Pattadakal
    757: Krishna I of the Rashtrakutas builds the Kailasa temple at Ellora
    TM, ®, Copyright © 2013 Piero Scaruffi All rights reserved.
    775: the Rashtrakutas are defeated by the Chalukyas, who move the capital at Kalyani (Mysore)
    775: Krishna I of the Rashtrakuta dynasty builds the rock-cut Kailasha Temple at Ellora
    784: the Pratihara king Nagabhata II conquers the sacred capital of the north, Kanyakubja
    800: kingdoms are created in central India and in Rajastan by Rajputs (warlords)
    800: Shankar (Samkara) Acharya founds the Hinduist monastery of Sringeri
    846: the Cholas regain independence from the Pallavas
    871: Sindh and Multan (Pakistan) are de facto independent from the Baghdad caliphate
    885: the Pratihara empire reaches its peak under Adivaraha Mihira Bhoja I, extending from Punjab to Gujarat to Central India
    888: the Pallava dynasty ends
    890: first Hindu temples at Khajuraho
    900: the Bhagavata Purana is composed in Sanskrit
    950: the Tomara Rajputs gain independence from the Gurjara-Pratihara empire and found their capital at Delhi
    950: the Chandellas gain independence from the Gurjara-Pratihara empire and found their capital at Khajuraho (Madhya Pradresh)
    977: Sebaktigin, a slave general, founds the Ghaznavid dynasty in Afghanistan, northern India and Central Asia
    1001: Mahmud of Ghazni raids north India
    985: Rajaraja Chola I extends the Chola empire to all of south India and builds the temple of Thanjavur
    997: Mahmud of Ghazni raids northern India
    998: Mahmud of Ghazni conquers Punjab
    1000: the tribal chieftain Nripa Kama conquers the area between the Cholas (south) and the Badami Chalukyas (north) and founds the Hoysala dynasty, that succeeds the Gangas in Karnataka
    1000: Lingaraja and Rajarani temples at Bhubaneshwar (Orissa)
    1000: the Shahi state is annexed to the Ghaznavid empire
    1000: the Chola king Rajaraja builds the Brihadeshvara Temple in Thanjavur (Tanjore)
    1014: Rajendra Chola I becomes the Chola ruler of the south and defeats the Palas in Bengal and invades Sri Lanka
    1017: the Cholas conquer Ceylon (Sri Lanka)
    1018: Mathura is raided by Mahmud of Ghazni, who destroys many of its temples
    1019: Mahmud Ghaznavid destroys Kanauj, capital of the Gurjara-Pratihara empire
    1021: Mahmud appoints Malik Ayaz to the throne and makes Lahore the capital of the Ghaznavid Empire
    1024: Mahmud of Ghazni invades Gujarat and destroys the Somnath temple
    1030: the Ghaznavid empire conquers Punjab
    1030: the Solanki kings build the Jain temples at Mount Abu
    1050: the Chola empire conquers Srivijaya, Malaya and the Maldives
    1070: Vijayabahu I of Rohanna expels the Cholas from Ceylon and moves the capital to Polonnaruva
    1078: Anantavarman Chodagangadeva, a descendant of the Chola, founds the Chodaganga dynasty (Eastern Ganga Empire) based in Kalinganagara
    1084: Mahipala brings the Palas to the peak of their power
    1084: Youstol Dispage dies
    1106: Basava, a brahmin at the court of king Bijjala of Kalyana, founds the Virashaiva sect
    1150: the Senas conquer the Palas
    1153: Parakramabahu I of Ceylon moves the capital to Polonnaruva and builds the gigantic artificial lake of Parakrama Samudra
    1175: Ghurid Turks defeat the Ghazni Turks in the Punjab and the Ghaznavid state is absorbed into the Ghurid empire
    1189: the Yadava dynasty adopts Marathi as the court language
    1190: the Chalukya empire is split among Hoysalas (south), Yadavas and Kakatiyas
    1192: Turkic-speaking chieftains from Afghanistans led by Muhammad of Ghor defeat Prithvi Raj, capture Delhi and establish a Muslim sultanate at Delhi
    1197: The Muslim Ghuris destroy the Hindu monasteries at Nalanda and Vikramashila, killing all the monks and burning all the books
    1200: Qutb al-Din Aibak's general Bakhtiyar Khalji destroys Nalanda University
    1206: The Ghurid prince Qutb al-Din Aybak becomes the first sultan of Delhi (Delhi Sultanate)
    1211: Iltutmish Shams becomes the sultan of Delhi
    1225: Qutb al-Din Aybak builds the Qutb Minar in Delhi, the tallest minaret in the world
    1238: Narasimadeva of the Chodaganga dynasty builds a temple to the Sun in the form of a giant chariot at Konarak
    1250: end of the Chola dynasty
    1250: the Urdu language develops by absorbing elements of Persian, Arabic and Indian dialects
    1266: one of Iltutmish's slaves, Baban, seizes power of the Delhi sultanate, and welcomes Islamic refugees fleeing the Mongol hordes the Delhi sultanate
    1288: the Italian explorer Marco Polo visits India
    1290: Jalal al-Din Firuz founds the Khalji sultanate
    TM, ®, Copyright © 2013 Piero Scaruffi All rights reserved.
    1298: the Muslims of Delhi capture Cambay in Gujarat
    1300: the Tamil establish a kingdom in Ceylon
    1303: Jalal al-Din Firuz rebuilds Delhi
    1304: Mongols under Ali Beg invade India but are repelled by the Delhi sultanate
    1321: Jordanus, a Dominican monk, is the first Christian missionary in India
    1325: Muhammad ibn Tughluq becomes sultan of Delhi
    1327: sultan Muhammad ibn Tughluq moves his capital from Delhi to Daulatabad (Deogiri) in the Deccan
    1328: the Mongols invade India but are repelled by the Delhi sultanate
    1333: the Muslim explorer Ibn Battuta travels to India
    1336: The southernmost province of the Delhi sultanate declares independence and Harihara founds the Sangama dynasty in South India with capital in Anegondi
    1341: Bengal (under Fakhruddin Mubarak) declares its independence from the Delhi sultanate
    1343: Harihara moves the capital at Vijayanagar (Hampi)
    1344: Jews build the Angadi synagogue, the oldest in India
    1344: Muhammad ibn Tughluq's empire extends to most of the Indian subcontinent, the first time since Ashoka
    1345: Muslim nobles revolt against Muhammad ibn Tughluq, declare their independence from the Delhi sultanate, and found the Bahmani dynasty in the Deccan
    1346: the Vijayanagar kingdom conquers the Hoysalas
    1346: the Hoysala dynasty disintegrates
    1347: Turkish governor Ala-ud-Din Bahman Shah rebels against the Sultan of Delhi and founds the Bahmani Sultanate in Bijapur
    1349: Muslims raid Kathmandu in Nepal
    1350: the Kadambas empire disintegrates into the dynasties of Goa, Hanagal and Chandavar
    1351: Feroz Shah Tughluq succeeds Muhammad ibn Tughluq
    1370: the Vijayanagar kingdom conquers the Muslim sultanate of Madura (Tamil Nadu)
    1382: Jaya Sthiti of the Malla dynasty seizes power in Nepal
    1387: the Kalan Masjid is built in Delhi
    1398: Timur invades India and sacks Delhi, causing the decline of the Delhi Sultinate
    1406: Devaraya I builds a temple to Rama at Vijayanagar
    1407: Gujarat is independent under its own sultan
    1451: Succeeding the last king of the Sayyid dynasty, Bahlul Lodi founds the Lodi dynasty of Afghan origin that rules the Delhi Sultanate
    1490: Guru Nanak Dev founds Sikhism and the city of Amritsar
    1490: the Adil Shahi sultan conquers Bijapur
    1490: Ahmednagar, Bijapur and Berar declare independence from the Bahmani sultan (Deccan sultanates)
    1497: Babur, a descendant of both Genghis Khan and Timur, becomes the ruler of Ferghana (Uzbekistan)
    1498: the Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama reaches India
    1499: Guru Nanak founds the Sikh religion
    1501: Muhammad Shaybani defeats Babur at Samarkand
    1504: Babur captures Kabul (Afghanistan)
    1505: Portugal lands in Ceylon (Sri Lanka)
    1507: the Qutb Shahi dynasty seizes power in Hyderabad
    1508: the Portuguese found Bom Bahia (Bombay/Mumbai) in territory held by the sultan of Gujarat
    1509: Portugal conquers Diu and Goa in India
    1509: the Vijayanagar kingdom reaches its zenith under Krishna Raja
    1518: The Qutb Shahi dynasty of Golkonda declares independence from the Bahmani sultan and becomes a Deccan sultanate and the only Shiite region after Kashmir
    1526: After the battle of Panipat, Babur captures Delhi from Ibrahim, the sultan of Delhi, and founds the Mughal/Mogul dynasty in India with capital in Agra
    1527: Babur defeats an army of Rajputs at the battle of Kanua using artillery
    1528: Bidar declares independence from the Bahmani sultan and becomes the fifth Deccan sultanate
    1530: Babur dies and his son Humayun succeeds him
    1534: Portugal acquires Bom Bahia/Bombay/Mumbai from Gujarat
    1537: Afghan warlord Sher Khan Sur invades Bengal
    1539: Viswanatha founds the Nayak dynasty with capital in Madurai (south India)
    1540: Babur's son Humayun loses the empire to Afghan Leader Sher Shah Sur and goes into exile to Lahore
    1544: Babur's son Humayun goes into exile to Safavid Persia
    1545: Sher Shah Sur dies and is succeeded by Islam Shah Sur
    1550: the Jain complex at Palitana
    1553: Islam Shah Sur dies and the Sur empire is divided among his relatives (Punjab, Delhi/Agra, Bihar, Bengal)
    1553: Humayun with help from the Safavids reconquers Kabul
    1555: a famine strikes northern India
    1555: Humayun reconquers Delhi from the Sur ruler
    1556: the Mogul emperor Humayun dies and is succeeded by his 12-year old son Akbar under the tutelage of the Persian Shia noble Bairam Khan
    1558: the Mogul conquer Ajmer in Rajastan and Gwalior
    1560: Akbar fires Bairam Khan and assumes sole power
    1561: The Mogul conquer the kingdom of Malwa
    1562: Akbar marries Padmini, a Hindu princess of the Rajaputana kingdom
    1564: The Mogul conquer the kingdom of Gondwana/ Garha-Katanga
    1564: Uzbek nobles rebel against the Mogul emperor Akbar in the eastern provinces
    1565: Four Muslim kingdoms ally to defeat the Vijyanagar kingdom at the battle of Talikota and destroy the capital
    1565: Mysore, a former Vijayanagar principality, becomes independent under the Wodeyars/ Wadiyars, while Keladi, another former Vijayanagar principality, becomes independent under the Nayakas
    1566: Akbar's half-brother Muhammad Hakim seizes Kabul
    1568: Muslim invaders destroy the Sun Temple at Konark
    1571: Akbar moves the Mogul capital from Agra to Fatehput Sikri
    1572: the Mogul conquer Gujarat
    1574: the Mogul conquer Bengal, Bihar and Orissa from the Afghan kings
    1579: Mogul emperor Akbar abolishes the tax on non-Muslims
    1583: Mogul emperor Akbar invites the Jain saint Hiravijaya Suri to his capital Fatehpur Sikri
    1584: Akbar mints the Ilahi coin (based on the solar year but still in Persian)
    1585: After the death of Muhammad Hakim, Akbar conquers Kabul and moves the Mogul capital to Lahore
    1589: the Mogul conquer Kashmir
    1590: The Qutb Shahi dynasty of Golkonda moves the capital to Hyderabad
    1591: Akbar demands that the Decca sultans surrender to the Mogul empire
    1593: the Mogul conquer Sind
    1595: the Mogul conquer Kandahar (Afghanistan) from the Safavids
    1598: Akbar moves the Mogul capital from Lahore back to Agra
    1600: The British East India Company is established
    1601: the Mogul conquer the Decca sultanates
    1605: Akbar dies and is succeeded by his son Salim, who renames himself Jahangir
    1606: Jahangir defeats a conspiracy by his son Khusrau
    1611: Jahangir marries queen Nur Jahan
    1611: England opens a trading station at Masulipatam
    1612: England opens a trading station at Surat
    1617: Jahangir's son, prince Khurram, pacifies the southern states and receives the title of Shah Jahan
    1618: Jahangir's son, prince Khurram, conquers the fortress of Kangra, thus subjecting the Himalaya hills to Mogul control
    1622: the Safavids reconquer Kandahar
    1623: Thirumala Nayakan brings Madurai to its maximum glory
    TM, ®, Copyright © 2013 Piero Scaruffi All rights reserved.
    1627: Jahangir dies
    1628: After a civil war that pits Nur Jahan against her brother the wazir Asaf Khan, Jahangir's son Khurram (Asaf Khan's choice) is proclaimed emperor with the name Shah Jahan while Jahangir's other son Shahryar (married to Nur Jahan's daughter) is executed together with all the other potential pretenders
    1629: Afghan noble Khan Jahan Lodi, the governor of Deccan, rebels against Shah Jahan and joins the ruler of Ahmadnagar
    1630: Afghan noble Khan Jahan Lodi is defeated and killed
    1630: A famine strikes the Deccan and Gujarat
    1631: Shah Jahan's wife Mumtaz Mahal dies giving birth to her 14th child
    1633: Shah Jahan adopts Sharia and destroys Hindu temples
    1631: Shah Jahan builds the Taj Mahal
    1632: the Mogul conquer the western Deccan sultanate of Ahmadabad
    1635: the Mogul defeat the Deccan sultanates of Golkonda (Hyderabad) and Bijapur that become tributary states
    1636: the Mogul fail to invade the Ahom kingdom on the eastern side of the Brahmaputra
    1638: Muhammad Said, a businessman from Golkonda (Hyderabad), becomes its prime minister with the title Mir Jumla
    1638: Holland intervenes in Ceylon (Sri Lanka) to defend the king of Kandy, Raja Singa, against Portugal

    TM, ®, Copyright © 2013 Piero Scaruffi All rights reserved.

    See also A timeline of British India
    See also A timeline of modern India
    See also A timeline of Buddhism
    See also A timeline of Tibet
  • India's rulers


    Chandragupta (322-301)
    Bindusara (301-269)
    Ashoka (269-232)
    Kunala (232-225)
    Dasaratha (232-225)
    Samprati (225-215)
    Salisuka (215-202)
    Devadharma (202-195)
    Satamdhanu (195-187)
    Brihadratha (187-185)


    Maues ( )
    Vonones (30 BC)
    Azes I ( )
    Azes II ( )
    Gudnaphar (19-45 AD)


    Kujula Kadphises (20BC-30AD)
    Wima (30-80)
    Welma Kadphises (80-103)
    Kanishka I (103-127)
    Vasishka I (127-131)
    Huvishka I (130-162)
    Vasudeva I (162-200)
    Kanishka II (200-220)
    Vasishka II (220-230)
    Kanishka III (230-240)
    Vasudeva II (240-260)
    Vasu ( )
    Chhu ( )
    Shaka ( )
    Kipanada ( )


    Gupta (275-300)
    Ghatotkacha (300-320)
    Chandra Gupta I (320-335)
    Samudra Gupta (335-370)
    Rama Gupta (370-375)
    Chandra Gupta II (375-415)
    Kumara Gupta I (415-455)
    Skanda Gupta (455-467)
    Kumara Gupta II (467-477)
    Budha Gupta (477-496)
    Chandra Gupta III (496-500)
    Vainya Gupta (500-515)
    Narasimha Gupta (510-530)
    Kumara Gupta III (530-540)
    Vishnu Gupta (540-550)


    Arm (1210-1211)
    Iltutmish Shams (1211-1236)
    Firuz I (1236)
    Radiyya Begum (1236-1240)
    Bahram (1240-1242)
    Mas'ud (1242-1246)
    Mahmud I (1246-1266)
    Balban Ulugh (1266-1287)
    Kay Qubadh (1287-1290)
    Kayumarth (1290)
    Firuz II Khalji (1290-1296)
    Ibrahim I Qadir (1296)
    Muhammad I Ali (1296-1316)
    Umar (1316)
    Mubarak (1316-1320)
    Khusraw Barwari (1320)
    Tughluq I (1320-1325)
    Muhammad II (1325-1351)
    Firuz III (1351-1388)
    Tughluq II (1388-1389)
    Abu Bakr (1389-1391)
    Muhammad III (1389-1394)
    Sikandar I (1394)
    Mahmud II (1394-1395)
    Nusrat (1395-1399)
    Mahmud II (1401-1412)
    Dawlat Lodi (1412-1414)
    Khidr (1414-1421)
    Mubarak II (1421-1434)
    Muhammad IV (1434-1443)
    Alam (1443-1451)
    Bahlul Lod (1451-1489)
    Sikandar II Nizam (1489-1517)
    Ibrahim II (1517-1526)


    Babur (1526-1530)
    Humayun (1530-1555)
    Akbar I (1556-1605)
    Jahangir (1605-1627)
    Dawar Bakhsh (1627-1628)
    Jahan I Khusraw (1628-1657)
    Awrangzib Alamgir I (1658-1707)
    Alam I Bahadur (1707-1712)
    Jahandar Mu'izz (1712-1713)
    Farrukh-siyar (1713-1719)
    Muhammad Nasir (1719-1748)
    Ahmad Bahadur I (1748-1754)
    Aziz Alamgir II (1754-1759)
    Jahan III (1759)
    Alam II (1759-1806)
    Mu'in Akbar II (1806-1837)
    Bahadur II (1837-1858)


    Nanak (1469-1539)
    An.gad (1539-1552)
    Amar Das (1552-1574)
    Ram Das Sod.hi (1574-1581)
    Arjun Mal (1581-1606)
    Hargobind (1606-1644)
    Har Rai (1644-1661)
    Hari Krishen (1661-1664)
    Tegh Bahadur (1664-1675)
    Gobind Rai Singh (1675-1708)


    Murshid Quli Ala' (1704-1725)
    Shuja' Shuja' (1725-1739)
    Sarfaraz Ala' (1739-1740)
    Aliwirdi Hashim (1740-1756)
    Mirza Mahmud Siraj (1756-1757)
    Mir Ja'far Muhammad Hashim (1757-1760)
    Mir Qasim Ali (1760-1763)
    Mir Ja'far Muhammad Hashim (1763-1765)


    Sa'adat Burhan alMulk (1722-1739)
    Abu Mans.ur
    Safdar Jang (1739-1754)
    Haydar Shuja' (1754-1775)
    Asaf (1775-1797)
    Wazir Ali (1797-1798)
    Sa'adat Ali (1798-1814)
    Haydar I Ghazi (1814-1827)
    Haydar II Sulayman Jah (1827-1837)
    Muhammad Ali Mu'in (1837-1842)
    Amjad Ali Thurayya Jah (1842-1847)
    Wajid Ali (1847-1856)


    Chin Qilich Nizam : 1720-1748)
    Nasir Jang: 1748-1751)
    Muzaffar Jang: 1751-1752)
    Salabat Jang: 1752-1762)
    Nizam Ali : 1762-1803)
    Farkhanda Ali Nasir : 1829-1857)
    Mir Mahbub Ali I
    Afdal : 1857-1869)
    Mir Mahbub Ali II: 1869-1911)
    Mir Uthman Ali Bahadur (1911-1948)

    World News | History | Editor
    (Copyright © 2013 Piero Scaruffi)