Bibliography of the Middle Ages

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Internet Medieval Sourcebook


Norman Cantor: The Civilization of the Middle Ages (Harper, 1993)
W. Southern: The Making of the Middle Ages (1953)
R. Strayer: Dictionary of the Middle Ages (Scribner, 1982)

The New Peoples of Europe

Richard Fletcher: The Barbarian Conversion (Henry Holt, 1997)
Gwyn Jones: A History Of the Vikings (Oxford Univ Press, 1968)
P.H. Sawyer: Kings and Vikings - Scandinavia and Europe (Routledge, 1982)
E.A. Thompson: The Huns (Blackwell, 1996)
Peter Heather: The Goths (Blackwell, 1996)
A. Thompson: The Goths in Spain
Peter Heather: The Goths (Blackwell, 1996)
Neil Christie: The Lombards (Blackwell, 1995)
Malcolm Todd: The Early Germans (Blackwell, 1992)
Patrick Geary: Before France and Germany/ The Creation and Transformation of the Merovingian World (Oxford University Press, 1988)
Edward James: The Franks (Blackwell, 1988)
Walter Goffart: The Narrators of Barbarian History - Gregory of Tours, Bede, Paul the Deacon (Princeton Univ Press, 1988)
Isidore of Seville: History of the Kings of the Goths, Vandals, and Suevi (Brill, 1966)
Jordanes: The Gothic History of Jordanes (Princeton University Press, 1915)
Bede the Venerable: Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People (Clarendon, 1969)
Gregory of Tours: The History of the Franks (Clarendon Press, 1927)
Frank Stenton: Anglo-Saxon England (Oxford, 1981)
Hubert et al: Europe of the Invasions (Braziller, 1969)
Pierre Riche`: Education and Culture in the Barbarian West
Josef Fleckenstein: Early Medieval Germany (North Holland, 1978)
J.M. Wallace-Hadrill: The Frankish Church (Oxford, 1983)
Dorothy Whitelock: The Beginnings of English Society (Penguin, 1952)
Martyn Whittock: The Origins of England 410-600 (Barnes & Noble, 1986)
Bona, I., Das Hunnenreich (1991)
T.S. Burns: A History of the Ostrogoths (1984)
C Courtois: Les Vandales et l'Afrique (1955)
O. Maenchen-Helfen: The World of the Huns (1973)
E.A. Thompson: Attila and the Huns (Oxford, 1948)
E.A. Thompson: The Early Germans (Oxford, 1965)
E.A. Thompson: Romans and Barbarians (1982)
M. Todd: The Barbarians (1972)
H. Wolfram: History of the Goths (1988)
J. Harmatta: History of Civilizations of Central Asia (Harmatta, 1994)
L. Torday: Mounted archers - The beginnings of Central Asian history (Durham, 1997)
K. Jazdzewski: Atlas to the Prehistory of the Slavs (1948)
F. Dvornik: The Slavs (1956)
S. H. Cross: Slavic Civilization through the Ages (1963)
M. A. Gimbutas: The Slavs (1971)

The Birth of Christianity

Judith Herrin: Formation of Christendom
Peter Brown: Society and the Holy in Late Antiquity (Univ. of California Press, 1982)
Peter Brown: The Rise of Western Christendom A.d.200-1000 (Blackwell, 1996)
Ramsay MacMullen: Christianizing the Roman Empire A.D. 100-400 (Yale Univ Pr, 1983)
A. Momigliano: The Conflict between Paganism and Christianity in the Fourth Century
Benedicta Ward: Miracles and the medieval mind (Univ of Pennsylvania Press, 1987)

Borders of the Roman Empire

B. Isaac: The Limits of Empire (Oxford, 1990)
R. Frye: A History of Ancient Iran (1984)

The Fall of the Roman Empire

Edward Gibbon: General Observations on the Fall of the Roman Empire in the West
Roger Collins: Early Medieval Europe (St Martin's Press, 1991)
John Norwich: Byzantium (Knopf, 1988)
Leslie Webster and Michelle Brown (Eds.). The Transformation of the Roman World AD 400-900 (Univ California Press, 1997)
Walter Goffart: Barbarians and Romans, A.D. 418-584
H.W. Elton: Warfare in Roman Europe (Oxford, 1996)
A Ferrill: The Fall of the Roman Empire - The Military Explanation (1986)

The Holy Roman Empire

Henri Pirenne: Mohammed and Charlemagne (1957)
Richard Hodges and David Whitehouse: Mohammed, Charlemagne, and the Origins of Europe (1983)
Heinrich Fichtenau: The Carolingian Empire (1963)
Pierre Riche`: The Carolingians (1993)
Louis Halphen: Charlemagne and the Carolingian Empire (1977)
Rosamund McKitterick: The Frankish Kingdoms under the Carolingians 751-987 (Longman, 1983)
Walter Ullmann: The Carolingian Renaissance
Rosamond McKitterick: The Carolingians and the Written Word (Cambridge Univ Press, 1989)

Medieval Society

Israel Abrahams: Jewish Life in the Middle Ages (1894)
Joseph Strayer: Feudalism
Jean Chapelot and Robert Fossier: The Village and House in the Middle Ages (Berkeley, 1985)
Marc Bloch: Feudal Society
Robert Fossier: Peasant Life in the Medieval west (Blackwell, 1988)
Georges Duby: The Early Growth of the European Economy (Cornell Univ Press, 1974)
Renee Doehard: The Early Middle Ages in the West - Economy and Society (1978)
Robert Latouche: The Birth of the Western Economy (1967)
Robert Lopez: The Commercial Revolution of the Middle Ages 1000-1350
Georges Duby: The Three Orders - Feudal Society Imagined (Univ of Chicago Press, 1980)
Susan Reynolds: Fiefs and Vassals (Oxford Univ Press, 1996)
Susan Mosher Stuard: Women in Medieval Society (1976)
David Herlihy: Opera Muliebria - Women and Work in Medieval Europe (Temple University Press, 1990)
Peter Dronke: Women Writers of the Middle Ages (Cambridge University Press, 1984)
Suzanne Fonay Wemple: Women in Frankish Society (University of Pennsylvania Press, 1981)


C.H. Lawrence: Medieval Monasticism (1984)
Herbert Workman: The Evolution of the Monastic Ideal (1962)
Jean Leclerq: The Love of Learning and the Desire for God
Rosalind Brooke: The Coming of the Friars (1975)


C. Ferruolo: The Origins of the University (Stanford Univ Press, 1985)
John Baldwin: The Scholastic Culture of the Middle Ages
Lowrie Daly: The Medieval University
F.C. Copleston: A History of Medieval Philosophy
Lynn White: Medieval Technology and Social Change (1964)
Jean Gimpel: The Medieval Machine
Edward Grant: Physical Science in the Middle Ages (1977)
Edward Grant: The Foundations of Modern Science in the Middle Ages (Cambridge Univ Press, 1996)
David Lindberg: Science in the Middle Ages
C. Crombie: Medieval and Early Modern Science (1967)
C. McCluskey: Astronomies and Cultures in Early Medieval Europe (Cambridge, 1998)
D. Chenu: Nature, Man, and Society in the Twelfth Century
Charles Homer Haskins: The Renaissance of the Twelfth Century (1957)


Otto von Simson: The Gothic Cathedral (1974)


Fred Donner: The Early Islamic Conquests
Patricia Crone: Meccan Trade and the Rise of Islam (1987);
W. Montgomery Watt: Muhammad - Prophet and Statesman
Maxime Rodinson: Muhammad
I. Shahid: Rome and the Arabs (Washington, 1981)

An index of the Middle Ages
  • Early Eurasian Nomads
  • The borders of the Roman Empire
  • Barbarian Society
  • Christianity and the Church
  • The Fall of the Roman Empire
  • Conversion of the Barbarians to Christianity
  • Byzantium
  • The Rise of Islam
  • The Creation of the Carolingian Empire
  • Medieval Society
  • Monasticism
  • Science and Culture
  • The Vikings