The Greatest Western Paintings of all Times

Selected by piero scaruffi

(Revised and edited by Seyson Chen, Nick Campsall, Marco Spagnuolo and Teun Romme)

Luke Muehlhauser's visual version.


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A Visual History of the Visual Arts

These are the paintings that, in my opinion, you shouldn't miss
(For modern art my ebook A Visual History of the Visual Arts is much more reliable and updated than this (very old) list).
  1. Bosch: De Tuin der Lusten/ The Garden of Delights (1504) - Prado, Madrid
  2. Michelangelo: Il Giudizio Universale/ Universal Judgement (1541) - Cappella Sistina, Roma
  3. Ernst: Europa Nach Dem Regen II/ Europa After the Rain II (1942) - Sumner Collection, Hartford
  4. Klimt: Beethovenfries (1902) - Secession, Wien
  5. Dali: Metamorphose de Narcisse/ Metamorphosis of Narcissus (1937) - Tate Gallery, London
  6. Klimt: Die Jungfrau/ The Virgin (1913) - National Gallery, Prague
  7. Bosch: Het Laatste Oordeel/ The Last Judgement (1505) - Gemaldegalerie der Akademie der Bildenden Kunste, Wien
  8. Klimt: Der Kuss/ The Kiss (1908) - Belvedere, Wien
  9. Botticelli: Allegoria della Primavera/ Spring (1478) - Uffizi, Firenze
  10. Monet: Nympheas (1926) - Orangerie, Paris
  11. Leonardo: Il Cenacolo/ The Last Supper (1497) - S.Maria delle Grazie, Milano
  12. Uccello: Battaglia di San Romano/Part I (1456) - Uffizi, Firenze
  13. Van Gogh: De Sterrennacht/ Starry Night (1889) - Museum of Modern Art, New York
  14. Raffaello: Sposalizio della Vergine/ The Wedding of the Virgin (1504) - Pinacoteca di Brera, Milano
  15. Dali: Crucifixion (1954) - Metropolitan Museum, New York
  16. Bruegel: De Triomf van de Dood/ Triumph of Death (1562) - Prado, Madrid
  17. Botticelli: Nascita di Venere/ The Birth of Venus (1485) - Uffizi, Firenze
  18. Rubens: De Aanbidding der Koningen/ The Adoration of the Magi (1609), Prado, Madrid
  19. Greco: Toledo (1599) - Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
  20. Giotto: Cappella degli Scrovegni, Padova (1305)
  21. Cranach: Flugelaltar mit dem Jungsten Gericht (1524) - Gemaldegalerie, Berlin
  22. Seurat: La Parade du Cirque/ Circus Sideshow (1888) - Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
  23. Dali: La Persistencia de la Memoria/ Persistence of Memory (1931) - Museum of Modern Art, New York
  24. Ernst: La Ville Entiere/ The Entire City (1936) - Kunsthaus, Zurich
  25. Rembrandt: De Nachtwacht/ Militia Company/ Nightwatch (1642) - Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
  26. Van Eyck: Madonna in de Kerk/ Madonna in the Church (1425) - Gemaldegalerie, Berlin
  27. Bruegel: Het Gevecht tussen Vasten en Vastenavond/ Der Kampf Zwischenfaschig/ The Battle Between Carnival and Lent (1559) - Kunsthistorischess Museum, Wien
  28. Leonardo: Vergine delle Rocce (1486) - Louvre, Paris
  29. Leonardo: Gioconda/ Mona Lisa (1505) - Louvre, Paris
  30. Raffaello: Trasfigurazione/ Transfiguration (1519) - Pinacoteca Vaticana, Roma
  31. Rousseau: La Bohemienne Endormie/ Sleeping Gypsy (1897) - Museum of Modern Art, New York
  32. Piero della Francesca: Leggenda della Vera Croce/ The Legend of the True Cross (1460) - S.Francesco, Arezzo
  33. Van Gogh: De Aardappeleters/ Potato Eaters (1885) - Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam
  34. Bruegel: Nederlandse Spreekwoorden/ Dutch Proverbs (1559) - Gemaldegalerie, Berlin
  35. Greco: La Crucifixion (1594) - Prado, Madrid
  36. Seurat: La Grande Jatte/ A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte (1886) - Art Institute, Chicago
  37. Altdorfer: Die Alexanderschlacht/ The Battle of Alexander the Great (1529) - Alte Pinakothek, Munchen
  38. Monet: The Grainstack - Snow Effect (1896) - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
  39. Klee: Ad Marginem (1930) - Kunstmuseum, Basel
  40. Rembrandt: Het Feest van Balthazar/ Belshazzar's Feast (1635) - National Gallery, London
  41. Van Gogh: Le Cypres/ Cypresses (1889) - Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
  42. Rubens: St. Augustinus/ St. Augustine (1638), National Gallery, Prague
  43. Van Eyck: Portret van Giovanni Arnolfini en zijn Vrouw/ Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and his Wife (1434) - National Gallery, London
  44. Renoir: Bal du Moulin de la Galette (1876) - Musee National d'Orsay, Paris
  45. Renoir: Le Dejeuner des Canotiers/ Luncheon of the Boating Party (1881) - Phillips Collection, Washington
  46. Goya: Aquelarre/ Witches' Sabbath/ Il Grande Caprone (1821) - Prado, Madrid
  47. Velasquez: Las Meninas/ The Maids of Honour (1656) - Prado, Madrid
  48. Chagall: Moi et Le Village/ I and the Village (1911) - Museum of Modern Art, New York
  49. Duchamp: Nu Descendant un Escalier #2/ Nude Descending a Staircase #2 (1912) - Museum of Art, Philadelphia
  50. Van der Weyden: Kruisafneming/ Deposition (1435) - Prado, Madrid
  51. Rembrandt: De Anatomische Les van Dr. Nicolaes Tulp/ Anatomy Lesson of Dr Nicolaes Tulp (1632) - Mauritshuis, Den Haag
  52. Rembrandt: De Anatomische Les van Dr. Joan Deijman/ Anatomy Lesson of Dr Joan Deijman (1656) - Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
  53. Van Dyck: Rinaldo e Armida (1629), Museum of Art, Baltimore
  54. Rousseau: Une Soiree au Carnaval/ Carnival Evening (1886) - Museum of Art, Philadelphia
  55. Renoir: Les Parapluies/ The Umbrellas (1884) - National Gallery, London
  56. Van Eyck: De Maagd van Kanselier Rolin/ The Virgin and Chancellor Rolin (1435) - Louvre, Paris
  57. Goya: Vision Fantastica/ Asmodea (1823) - Prado, Madrid
  58. Greco: Laocoon (1610) - National Gallery, Washington
  59. Magritte: Le Faux Miroir/ The False Mirror (1928) - Museum of Modern Art, New York
  60. DeChirico: Il Grande Metafisico/ The Great Metaphysical Interior (1917) - Museum of Modern Art, New York
  61. Magritte: La Condition Humaine/ The Human Condition (1933) - National Gallery, Washington
  62. Bruegel: De Toren van Babel/ Babel Tower (1563) - Kunsthistorisches Museum, Wien
  63. Tansey: Triumph over Mastery (1986) - Private Collection, New York
  64. Magritte: La Chateau des Pyrenees/ Castle in the Pyrenees (1959) - Israel Museum, Jerusalem
  65. Tansey: Forward Retreat (1986) - Broad Contemporary Art Museum, Los Angeles
  66. Millet: Le Repos des Moissonneurs/ Harvesters Resting (1853) - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
  67. Munch: Skrik/ Der Schrei der Natur/ The Scream (1893) - Nasjonalgalleriet, Oslo
  68. Perugino: La Consegna delle Chiavi/ The Delivery of the Keys (1482) - Cappella Sistina, Roma
  69. Gericault: The Raft of Medusa (1819) - Louvre, Paris

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