Additions to the Bibliography on Mind and Consciousness
compiled by Piero Scaruffi
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Quine Willard: WORD AND OBJECT (MIT Press, 1960)
Quine criticized the distinction between analytic and synthetic and advanced an indeterminacy principle to distinguish the logical from the extra-logical vocabulary: the only vocabulary that counts as logical is the one that is free of translational indeterminacy.
Quine Willard: FROM A LOGICAL POINT OF VIEW (Harper & Row, 1961)
Contains the famous "Two Dogmas Of Empiricism", a manifesto of holism. Influenced by Pierre Duhem's argument that hypotheses cannot be tested in isolation from the whole theoretical network in which they figure, Quine thinks that an hypothesis is verified true or false only relative to background assumptions. There is no certain way to determine what has to be changed in a theory, any hypothesis can be retained as true or discarded as false by performing appropriate adjustments in the overall network of assumptions. No sentence has special epistemic properties that safeguard it from revision. Science is but self-conscious common sense.
Quine Willard: ONTOLOGICAL RELATIVITY (Columbia Univ Press, 1969)
The truth of a statement cannot be assessed as a function of the meaning of its words. Words do not have an absolute meaning. They have a meaning only with respect to the other words they are connected to in the sentences that we assume to be true. Their meaning can even change in time.
Quinn Naomi & Holland Dorothy: CULTURAL MODELS IN LANGUAGE AND THOUGHT (Cambridge Univ Press, 1987)
Physical objects, because they exhibit spatial properties, allow us to build mental models. The only way to build a mental model for a non-physical object is to transfer the model of a physical object through a metaphor.
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